Comparative Criminal Justice System Essay

2183 Words Oct 15th, 2011 9 Pages
Unit 4 Written Assignment:
By: Alysia Pietrangelo
Professor
CJ509: Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
September 1, 2011

With so many different cultural and historical perspectives, it can change the way the criminal justice system works. Two types of criminal justice systems in which bring a lot of historical and cultural perspective include Iraq and Italy. Both countries also have legal tradition in which help in the way the criminal justice system works. In addition, both politics and legal issues can also cause the criminal justice system to change. However, the answer to the question relies on how this all does play in to the criminal justice systems for both Iraq and Italy. Beginning with Iraq, there was many
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The different types of crime which happen in an Islamic country depend on the cruel and unusual punishment. Hudad crimes (apostasy, revolt against the ruler, theft, highway robbery, adultery, slander and drinking alcohol) carry mandatory penalties such as the amputation of the hands and feet, flogging and even death. Quesas crimes (murder, voluntary and involuntary killing, and intentional and unintentional physical injury) involve sanctions of retaliation or compensation for the victim or his/her family. If any other offenses have been committed and there is not a penalty, they are in the category of Ta’azir and the judge is then given the discretion to determine the penalty of such offenses (Bassiouni, 1982). Since many in Iraq feel the vote for some position are fixed during elections, Iraqis can be punished for speaking out. If someone does they themselves and their families are at a great risk of being persecuted, since they are not loyal to the government or Saddam Hussein. Therefore, the political roles do influence how the criminal system works in Iraq. In addition, many culture and historical factors also played a role for Iraq to follow the Islamic legal tradition. While Iraq has a very unique criminal justice system with many cultural and historical aspects, along with much of Iraq (very hard justice system to understand) in turmoil at
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