Comparative Management Practices in China and the West

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Comparative Management Practices in China and the West It is true to say that globalisation is a two-way street. As international business and trade continue to grow, models of organisations and approaches to management are beginning to merge; nevertheless it remains imperative for firms to understand and govern across the myriad of cultural differences which still exist. These differences seem most apparent in China, where managerial values are deeply rooted in archaic and powerful culture. Some authors argue that even with a certain degree of convergence between Chinese and Western cultures, such convergence does have its restrictions. The Hofstede model of national culture differences, based on research carried out in the early…show more content…
In China, it would appear most natural to look upon things as part of something much bigger, where the will of one person is a part of the co-operative will. Collectivism also places a greater emphasis on group decision making and the building of strong relationships with their collegues. While in Western countries it is believed that all individuals should be different and unique, the Chinese strive for the dissolution of the soul. Therefore, it is very common for individuals of a Chinese origin to converse in a we-form rather than an I-form. This form of unity can also be identified when success is achieved in the organisation, this achievement will be recognised as a collective effort in which no single individual will be praised and a sense of belongingness to the group will be reinforced. A reason for such strong collectivism within the Chinese culture can be traced back thousands of years. As one of the oldest civilisations in the world, Chinese society has historically been based in agriculture, and their culture, therefore, is tied to land. This basis has developed China̼ unusually high collectivism level, the primary reason is due to the historic emphasis on the group relationships which were required to plant, raise and harvest the crop on a communal basis. On the contrary, western countries advocate individualism, democracy and egalitarianism. These cultures have a tendency to
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