Comparative Study of Fdi Flow to India and China

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Volume III, Issue 2, September 2007 © 2007, Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability No reproduction or storage, in part or in full, permitted without prior permission. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FDI IN CHINA AND INDIA Dr. Swapna S. Sinha Dr. David H. Kent Dr. Hamid Shomali Ageno School of Business Golden Gate University 536 Mission St. San Francisco, CA 94105 Tel: 415-442-6500 Abstract Some emerging markets have been leaders in the world and have grown at a higher rate benefiting from higher Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) by Trans National Corporations (TNCs) and some have been laggards and have not able to attract as much FDI…show more content…
More than twothird of FDI is between TNC’s. Total revenues for the Global 500 TNCs in 2006 add up to $18.9 trillion, a third of the world 's GDP. 70,000 TNCs and their 6, 90, 000 foreign affiliates, contributing $19 trillion in sales, a third of world GDP, create major component of this FDI stock and worldwide FDI flows. GE (US), Vodafone (UK), and Ford (US) are the top three non-financial TNCs worldwide contributing maximum FDI flows. The global FDI in 2005 increased to $730 billion registering a growth of 18% over $648 billion of 2004. Of the total FDI flows, the developed world contributed $637 billion, out of which half is from only three countries-US, UK, and Luxemburg. In 2005 the net outflows from the developed world exceeded the inflows by $260 billion. For the US, the largest economy in the world with $ 12.5 trillion GDP, FDI outflow increased by 90% to $ 229 billion in 2005. The developing world FDI grew by 40% to $ 233 billion in 2004 mainly due to M&A activity and also due to green field FDI rising consecutively for the third year. Studies suggest that FDI flows by TNC’s have transformed international trade in the last two decades and created new giants and a new world order (Blonigen, 2005). For 2006-07, global FDI flows are expected to rise further if economic growth is consolidated and becomes widespread, corporate restructuring takes hold, profit growth persists and the pursuit of new markets continues (UNCTAD,
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