Comparative analysis of the rise of religious extremism in Arab and Indian Politics

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Comparative analysis of the rise of religious extremism in Arab and Indian Politics

The cases being discussed by the authors here are more significant than the discussion of any other Muslim or Hindu nation because of the fact that these cases discuss the role of these religions in their respective birthplaces. We can realize the importance of this point by considering, for example that the Islamic countries worldwide look towards the Arabic ulemas for validation of their Islamic policies and also each fatwa issued by the Arab ulemas is almost always followed by a similar action by their counterparts in other countries. Similarly, though Hinduism doesn’t have a transnational appeal like Islam, Hindus all over the world still regard
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In many of the countries the non-Islamic population is not sufficiently large to be perceived as a threat to Islam, and thus the jihad or the fight for reformation is mostly with members of the same community who are perceived as a threat to the establishment of an Islamic state.

This economic gap, as well as the growing westernization of the secularist elements, is used by the Islamists to gain a following among the traditional elements of the society. Thus, the present condition of the society is projected as a result of western hegemony which is creating conditions similar to the pre-Islamic jahiliyyah in Arab, marked by growing oppression, materialism and moral laxity. A return to Islam is projected as the only hope for preserving the culture and morality of the society, and Allah’s will.
The rise of the BJP, RSS and Hindu extremism at large in India has, on the other hand, a number of different causes. Hindus and Muslims lived together relatively peacefully till the beginning of the 20th century, even though Islam in India spread through often forcible conversions by the Mughal rulers. The gradual worsening of relations between the two communities during the early 20th century can be attributed to the British policies of divide and rule, such as creating separate electorates for the

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