Compare And Contrast Erikson's Theories Of Personality Development

1108 Words5 Pages
1 Introduction
Personality is distinctive behavioral pattern and a set of characteristics originating within a person. It is dynamic characteristics that is influenced by genetic and other environmental process. Personality is often described by many, nevertheless, not every person fully understands the scientific explanation. Many people often confuse personality with behavior. However, the two are distinct in nature. Personality is taken to be what we are while behavior is what we do. We cannot change what we are but we can change what we do. It is a person’s unique personality that shapes an individual into the person they are while interacting with their environment.

It is also commonly explained that personality is a pattern of thought
…show more content…
Erikson stated that the ego is a powerful part of personality which is functional independently. This approach of Erickson is later on expressed by many as the ego psychology. Unlike Freud, Erikson believed that personality development is continuous across the life time. Furthermore, Erikson (1950) explained personality development in eight stages through which a healthy individual passes.

In this paper a detailed explanation of Freud’s psychoanalytical theory along with topographic and structural model will be provided. Also, a comprehensive explanation of Erikson’s theory of personality development along with the eight stages will be given. Finally, a compression and contrast of Freud’s and Erikson’s theory will be stated in the last section of the write-up.

Freud (1989) psychoanalytic theory of personality states that personality development relays on the relationship between the environment and instinct in the first five to six years of childhood. Freud further add that parent child relationship as being crucial for an individual to have a normal or abnormal development. Psychosexual theory explains personality develops through a series of childhood stages in which the pleasure seeking energies of the id become focused on certain erogenous areas. This psychosexual energy or libido was described as the driving force behind the development of
Get Access