Author of The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness and an associate professor here at Ohio State, wrote an article “Why Hilary Clinton Doesn’t Deserve the Black Vote.” This article not only touches on how Hilary Clinton is only using black people as her “winning card (Alexander, 2)” in the 2016 Election, but also her past decisions she made as the wife of the 42nd President of the United States that should be taken into consideration by black voters. Mrs. Clinton and Bernie Sanders are the two Democratic Party presidential candidates. Although Bernie Sanders promises “a political revolution that will bring universal healthcare, a living wage, an end to rampant Wall Street greed, and the dismantling of the vast prison state...(Alexander, 5),” Hilary Clinton seems to be receiving all of the black votes, according to recent polls. Alexander explains that because many African Americans believed (and still believe) that Bill Clinton was the first “black president,” Ms. Clinton will receive several black votes.
Today, the opposite is true with 35% of the prison population made up of whites. Specialists have speculated that by the end of the year 2000, roughly one million African American adults will be behind bars. That will constitute for almost one in every 14 black men being in jail. And as of December 31, 1999 there were 1,366,721 African American men and women under federal and state jurisdiction. This implies that there has been a 3.4% increase since December 1,1998. "The face of crime to white America is now that of a black man" says David Bositis, Center for Political and Economic Studies, senior political analyst. While incarceration statistics have skyrocketed, crime rates have increased much more slowly. Politicians sought out political points by enforcing tough on crime laws. By doing this the politicians increase public panic by portraying the "urban underclass" as young black males.
The documentary “13th” is very telling about the problems with the prison system and society's view of African-Americans. After the end of slavery, the economy too a hit because of the lack of labor needed for the industries. To solve this problem, people turned to prison workers, because it was cheap labor that weren’t protected under the 13th Amendment. This amendment abolished slavery and indentured servitude, but left the clause of criminal punishment. Because of this loophole, and because whites were very much still in control of society soon after the 13th Amendment was passed, police forces began going after African-Americans in order to fill prisons and satisfy work forces.
population, they account for 29% of arrests, 38% of prisoners in state and federal facilities, 42% of death penalty cases, and 37% of executions (Crutchfield, D. Robert & Fernandes,April & Martinez, Jorge 2010). The “land of the free” is home to mass incarceration and 2,306,200 million prisoners in the world. The system did not become broken overtime but rather it was built that way from the very beginning. The minorities mainly the African Americans have always been victims of oppression throughout history beginning with slavery and it continued to happen in our own constitution. Civil Rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. worked very hard to have white individuals understand that blacks were just as human as they were and they deserved to have rights as well as other Americans as it said in our own constitution, but to have voiced such leadership in the black community was frowned upon and needed to be shut down very quickly. This topic of discussion can be argued on either side of the spectrum but we all know deep down the injustice that there is in our criminal justice system. “History is not stuff that happens by accident, we are the products of the history our ancestors choose, if we were white. If we are black we are products of the history that our ancestors did not choose for us” (Averick, Spence & Barish, Howard & DuVernay, Ava,
Trump is saying stuff that is not appropriate to say the race of blacks. According to www.celebtricity.com In one Trumps speeches he said ”Black lives don't matter those African Americans need to go back to Africa”,Trump also said that black are lazy,fat and
He says that the black people needs to look out for themselves in their own community. He thinks by spending money in their own community will prevent it from becoming a ghetto. He thinks controlling the economy, by supporting black businesses is the
Has the criminal justice system always been unfair to minorities? Lauryn Hill, a famous songwriter talks about several things that opened the eyes of citizens everywhere across this nation in her album MTV Unplugged No. 2.0. In her song, “Mystery of Iniquity” she exposes the unjust court system and how everyone plays a part. The word iniquity means immoral unfair behavior. In the song Lauryn is trying to understand the meaning of the unfair behavior by the criminal justice system. She released this album in 2001, and she was not wrong for publicizing her views on this masterpiece of an album. We tend to forget that under President Clinton’s term, he enforced the 3 strikes and you're out policy, which placed more African American men in person for using crack cocaine than ever before. In the early 2000s, African Americans made up nearly 80% of a prison's population due to the federal crack cocaine laws and they also served more time in prison for drug offenses than their white counterparts. However, during this time period more than 67% (⅔) of crack cocaine users were either white or Hispanic.
As a result of these drug laws the use of drugs decreased slightly, but the number of African American men incarcerated for drug crimes skyrocketed to more than 300 %, The number of African Americans arrested for drug abuse went from 112,784 to 452,574 in a short period of time. Young African American males were almost 9 times more likely to be incarcerated than their Caucasian counterparts. With considerably long sentence, and having to serve out a minimum of 85% of their time, these men have absolutely nothing to turn to. No longer was the goal of the penal system to reform these misguided men. Now the main priority of the prison system was to punish. Instead of giving these men a basic education, and helping them become productive members of society once they were released, Congress cut funding to educational programs, and actually tried to pass an act known as the No Frills Prison Act, which funded prisons to “prevent luxurious conditions.” To make things worse, South Carolina prisons banned basic necessities out of spite,such as the air conditioners.
American has a legacy of the mistreatment and disenfranchisement of African Americans. The same bad treatment that many think only took place in the past is in fact still intact, it’s just presented in a new way. The mass incarceration of blacks in the Unites States can be attributed to the “racial hierarchy” that has always existed. The U.S contributes to about 5% of the worlds overall population, and about 25% of the worlds prison population (Holland 1), “if those rates reflected jail, probation and parole populations, the numbers would rise exponentially”(Griffith 9). Statics show that there is a chance that about 1 in 3 black males are expected end up in prison (Jacobson). Although, in terms of the entire United States population African Americans only make up about 13% (Prison Activist Resource Center. Racism Fact Sheets: “ Latinos and the Criminal Injustice System.” 2003). There is a huge number of African Americans involved in the criminal justice system in some way. The average person does not know about mass incarceration nor about the racism that is in just about every part of the criminal justice system. When most people think about racism their thoughts often drift to slavery or Jim Crow laws, but for most, they do not consider how the amount of African Americans in prison today could be due to bias or racism. A significant cause of mass incarceration is the same racism that produced the Jim Crow era.
There are so many more African-Americans than whites in our prisons that the difference cannot be explained by higher crime among African- Americans - racial discrimination is also at work, and it penalizes African- Americans at almost every juncture in the criminal justice system.1
African American males have been treated unequally entering jails/prison at a higher rate than other racial groups
Although he does possess quite a bit of bigotry that boarders on the line of prejudice when it comes to African Americans he recognizes that they are suffering from racism and he sympathizes with them. With his sympathy comes an attitude of superiority, he looks down on the people in poverty because he was once there and knows with hard work, like he has done, you can "pull yourself up by the bootstraps" and make something better with your life.
Mauer (2011) reported “in many respects the driving force of mass incarceration is the racial dynamic of criminal justice policy.” He points out that due to extreme incarceration rates among the African American community, the criminal justice system is viewed as a “black problem” (Mauer, 2011). At a national level, 80 percent of the populations incarcerated were of African American decent, which provides evidence that laws can be discriminatory (Mauer, 2011).
The election year of 2016 has proven to be full of acrimony between candidates and the people in our country. While this election progresses, it is difficult to determine what my decision will be when November approaches.