Compare And Contrast Martin Luther King And Malcolm X

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Traditionally, examination of the black Civil Rights movement focuses on the careers of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. Dr. King and Malcolm X had very different ideas on how to solve the racial discrimination in America. Dr. King was an integrationist who used non-violent protest to focus the media on the moral wrongs the dominant white society imposed on blacks. Dr. King believed that exposing the outrages of segregation would force the government to mend the system. Malcolm X was a separationist who believed in fighting back when attacked and advocated that the blacks in this country should take what by all means is rightfully theirs. The white system was corrupt, argued Malcolm X, and blacks should start their own system rather than wait for the white society to internally fix theirs. Somewhere in the middle of these two ideological extremes was James Baldwin. Baldwin's personal views were a mixture of both the ideas and ideals of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King. Baldwin often struck the same chords that Malcolm X did. Baldwin, in The Fire Next Time, wrote, "I was icily determined . . . to die and go to Hell before I would let any white man spit on me, before I would accept my 'place' in this republic" (Ticket 341). Baldwin himself saw many similarities between Malcolm X and himself (Ticket 358). Both Baldwin and Malcolm X were angry, intelligent black men who never let white society off the hook. Both were not willing to wait for white society to "solve" the Negro
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