Compare And Contrast Mencius And Hsun Tzu

Decent Essays
GOOD AND BAD Good and bad, two opposite terms that are used by people. ‘Good’ is known as morally excellent and ‘bad’ is known as being wicked or having an evil character. The ideas of good and bad are thought to be connected to human nature. Human nature is the characteristics, feelings, and behaviours of humankind that is shared by all humans. Because good and bad are two opposite terms and it is in human nature this has led to attempts to explain how both good and bad behaviours affect peoples’ daily life. The debate of on explanations of human’s good and bad behaviour still is ongoing nowadays. Two Chinese philosophers, Mencius (2016) and Hsun Tzu (1963) have relevant approaches to analysing this behaviour. Hsun Tzu focused on human…show more content…
Mencius and Hsun Tzu had different ideas about it. First of all, Mencius believed that human nature is good from the very beginning of their lives. But he also assumes that human nature is linked to other things like inherent qualities such as moral senses. (2016, 2A.6) For example, Mencius describes the sense of sympathy, sense of shame and sense of respect. (2016, 6A.6) According to Mencius these qualities are with us from the first day to our last day. He supports his idea of innate moral senses, with an example of that is a child falling into a well. He asserts that no one can turn their back on a situation like this. (2016, 2A.6) That example was his evidence to support the existence of moral senses. On the other hand, this wasn’t the case for Hsun Tzu he thought something else. Hsun Tzu assumes that human nature is evil and human nature is built upon benefits. (1963, 1) If people gain profit from that event they will be willing to do that because of their desires. Hsun Tzu asserts that this motivation explains human being’s evil behaviour. (1963, 1) In other words that it is a response to desire. Desire is still causing many problems in world. For example, people steal because of desire for money and people gossip because of their desire to see someone in a bad condition. People have desires and this is the source of the evil inside them. And for the last Hsun Tzu thought that nature is not something you can…show more content…
Mencius states that you need to have some kind of force to change someone. (2016, 6A.2) This force can be environment, friend, families and also the government. For ages governments manage communities and shape them as they want. Rulers and governments made people to kill each other, those were the masterminds behind all of this. Furthermore, Mencius thought that these actions happen because of the force not because of communities themselves. (2016, 6A.2) People can be made to act badly but this merely shows that this is human nature’s itself. Secondly, for Hsun Tzu, this was all about having a worthy teacher. (1963, 2) Hsun Tzu thought that everyone need guidance of a good teacher because there is no such a way that is better than learning ritual principles from a worthy teacher. (1963, 2) He assumes that because human nature is evil, people need to wait for their teacher’s orders. They also need their teacher’s guidance to understand ritual principles. (1963, 2) He asserts that without a wise teacher people will become wicked and brutal. (1963, 2) For example, rules don’t mean anything when we first learn them but when our teachers and families explain those we have this urge to obey them. Besides child’s first teachers are their parents, they observe their actions and follow their steps. Later on, they find more wise teachers and this way they alter their evil nature into
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