Compare And Contrast Sigmund Erikson's Psychosexual Theory Of Development

1227 Words5 Pages
Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development. According to Dance-Schisse, child development is the process through which human beings typically grow and mature from infancy through adulthood. It is changes in the body abilities which develops physical skills, social and emotional, speech and language, cognitive and intellectual abilities. Child development is embedded in developmental theories. Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory are two well-known theories of development. The main aim of this essay is to compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial…show more content…
During the first five months if the caregiver does not meet the needs of the child an “Oral passive” character will develop. According to Heffner, 2014 too much or too little gratification can result in an “Oral Fixation”. The first stage of Erikson is trust versus mistrust. In Erickson’s reasoning, sex was not the driving need of the child. In comparison, both views of this stage show that the sense of touch is the primary mode of conveyance to the child (Heffner, 2014). Erickson believes that psychosocial development occurs during the first year of life. If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and secure in the world. If the caregiver is unavailable, it contribute to the feeling Zoona Ibrahim / 5870 0765 of mistrust and will develop fear and believe that world is inconvenient (Cherry, 2015). In both theories, the carelessness of the caregiver is the primary compound for future problems. The second stage of Freud is “Anal stage” Freud’s anal stage is equivalent of Erikson’s second stage. In Freud’s theory the child focus of pleasure is on eliminating and retaining feces and via parents child

More about Compare And Contrast Sigmund Erikson's Psychosexual Theory Of Development

Open Document