Compare And Contrast Sport And Exercise Psychology

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Psychology is argued to be the scientific study of the human mind and behaviour. So the obvious question can be asked, what is sport and exercise psychology? According to Gill and Williams (2008), sport and exercise psychology is the scientific study of people and their behaviours in sport and exercise context and the practical applications of that knowledge. In hindsight, what sport psychology does is take psychological theories and applies them to sport. Examples of these are: personality, imagery, aggression, motivation, skill acquisition and many more. Therefore, this essay will provide an insight to how mainstream psychology such as personality and behaviourism can be applied to sport.
Psychologists have spent a decade looking at the theory of personality from several viewpoints. One approach that stands out from the rest is Freud’s psychodynamic approach. This approach is characterised by two themes according to Cox (1998). First, it places great emphasis on unconscious factors of personality, such as what Freud called the id and how this collides with the more conscious elements of personality, such as the ego and super ego. Freud, himself proposed that the human psyche, which consists of a person’s thoughts, feelings, mind, self-perception and personality, is composed of three
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Also irrational, the superego develops; norms, values, rules, parental and societal expectations. It operates according to the morality principle, a code that shows what society deems right or wrong. It consists of two sub units: the conscience and the ideal self. Its primary function is to control the id’s impulses; especially the ones that society finds to be immoral such as sex and aggression. The other function that the superego has is trying to persuade the ego to turn to moralistic goals instead of realistic
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