Compare And Contrast The Pros And Cons Of Democracy As A Form Of Government

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As diverse as states were in ancient Greece, their forms of government evolved along with them. States like Sparta kept oligarchic form of government for the most of its history, while Athens changed from somewhat monarchic state what we know as democracy today. So it’s worth examining each form of government in order to better understand their pros and cons. MONARCHY: Monarchy can be defined as “political system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person.” (Kostiner, par. 1, 2016) While monarchies weren’t most popular forms of government in the Ancient Greece, some states like Athens still went through this transformation before becoming a democratic state. Yet, there were states where power was in hands of only a single individual who worked alongside other governmental bodies to run the country. “The most famous monarchies were those in the states of Macedonia and Epeiros, where the ruler shared power with an assembly, limited though these were in practice.” (Catwright, 2013). Nowadays, we commonly refer to UK or Sweden as a monarchy since those countries have kings and queens. However, they are very different monarchies compared to those in Ancient Greece. OLIGARCHY: Oligarchy can be defined as “government by the few,…show more content…
I believe it’s reasonable to argue that most of the Greek states, at some point, had a small privileged group of people running the state with a focus on selfish purposes. However, it was rather hard for those individuals to sustain the power. Even Sparta, that was run by a few kings and the Ephors still can’t be fully considered an oligarchy since all of the rulers focused on decisions in best interests of the state, not themselves. Overall, oligarchic forms of government seems to be more applicable in extremely corrupt and unregulated states. Yet, most of the states in Ancient Greece had some form of regulation and control over its
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