Compare And Contrast The Traditional Model Of Public Administration And New Public Management Model

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Over the recent decades, the public sectors of the countries have implemented considerable reforms in response to the challenges of technological progress and global changes. These wide public sector reforms represent a shift from the
Traditional model of Public Administration (TPA), to the New Public Management
(NPM). In other words, there have been numerous changes to replace the huge massive bureaucracies based on hierarchical forms with market-based economic theories built on consumer-driven managerialism. And power was centralized in TPA, while NPM decentralized power distributes to the businesses. In the following, I will briefly examine the public administration and new public management. Then compare the TPA and the NPM from various dimensions such as their
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There are differences between TPA and NPM. TPA put more focus on procedures, civil servants account to the regulation and they work under the procedure. On the other hand, NPM focus on result, managers own greater autonomy and serve the citizen more flexible. Now, I will compare these two models by examining their perceive roles, functions and modes of operation.
Before compare the two different models TPA and NPM, I will illustrate what is the public sector management. Public sector management is the process of ensuring that the allocation and use of resources available to the government are directed toward the achievement of lawful public policy goals (Hill and Lynn, p.10).
Traditional public administration and new public management
Firstly, the perception of role the public sector. It can be depicted that government agencies act as an administrator in the TPA model, but they act as a manager in the
NPM model. To start with, the administrators in the TPA advise policy-makers on development, review and implement public policy and manage its own resources so that policy may be implemented (Hughes, 2003). But conversely in NPM,
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