Compare And Contrast Wan Steinbeck And Walt Whitman

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The preacher’s speech from chapter ten of The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck and the poem I Hear America Singing by Walt Whitman both contain many stylistic devices that convey these American authors’ purposes of revealing the common man. Whitman and Steinbeck both write about occupations and people in the working class to bring these often overlooked citizens to attention. Although Whitman illustrates his purpose through the use of poetry, and Steinbeck through prose, the literary devices they use to bring these ordinary men and women to light are very similar, and cause the reader to consider the lifestyles of people that are often overlooked. Steinbeck and Whitman both convey a glorification of the common man through the use of repetition, tone, and transcendence. In Jim Casy’s speech he talked about escaping the isolation he felt from the world, so he could learn and live an ordinary life. Steinbeck used repetition of the word “Gonna” to ingrain Casy’s optimistic outlook on his future in the reader's head. The word “gonna” gives the reader a sense of strong will and determination, because it conveys the idea that what Casy is talking about is actually going to happen. Steinbeck also gave the preacher a hopeful and positive tone to enhance the idealistic views that Casy had. By using phrases like “Gonna learn why the folks walks in the grass, gonna hear’ em talk, gonna hear’ em sing” (93), Steinbeck created a pleasing image of happy people walking and singing in a

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