Compare Contrast Essay

1519 Words May 8th, 2013 7 Pages
Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia: A Compare and Contrast Essay

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Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia: A Compare and Contrast Essay

Ancient Egypt, known as “The Gift of the Nile,” and ancient Mesopotamia, known as the land “Between the Rivers,” were the first two civilizations developed by mankind. Not only this is a double-negative that you do not need.] These were they the first civilizations to form, andbut they were also the first river-valley civilizations using the nearby river(s) [redundant – if they are the first river valley civilizations, then aren’t they near a river?] for their benefit. Ancient Egypt was birthed around 3100 B.C., and was based in the northern part of Africa. Ancient Mesopotamia came
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A king could easily be overthrown in a city-state if he were to be conquered, which happened more times than naught. The ancient Egyptians and ancient Mesopotamians developed major social class structures. Egyptians separated their classes into five tiers, with the god-king at the top, followed by upper class, middle class, lower class, and the slave class at the bottom. The Sumerians only had four, beginning with the elites or nobles, followed by the commoners, free commoners, and then the slave class. [This is the type of information that is not common knowledge. If you asked someone to list the five tiers of Egyptian civilization, they would not know.] The pharaohs of Egypt believed they had a responsibility to uphold the laws of the Creator, or Ma’at, for the people they governed. Ma’at was the [typeface change --- concept of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice. The Sumerian kings felt they held the responsibility of expansionism for their people because of their geographical locations.
Art, Architecture, and Written Form
The Egyptians worshipped their pharaohs as gods on Earth, and portrayed them, along with the other gods, in artwork. They depicted their gods as humans or half-human half-animal creatures. The Sumerians illustrated their gods as animals, each individual god having a single animal as their counterpart. Architecture was a major component for both civilizations, though Egypt’s structures are still renowned

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