Compare, Contrast and Evaluate the Sociological Perspectives on the Ro

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The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare and qualify them for work in the economy as well as helping to integrate individuals into society and teach them the norms, values and morals of society. Yet there are three sociological theories that differ greatly between them on the role of education. These are Functionalism, Marxism and Liberalism. Functionalists view the role of education as a means of socialising individuals and to integrate society, to keep society running smoothly and remain stable. Emile Durkheim, creator of the Organic Analogy, was a functionalist during the 1870 's. Durkheim believes that society can only survive if its members are committed to common social values and that…show more content…
Liberalism is unlike either of the other views; it contrasts sharply with the individual Marxists and Functionalists views on the role of education. The liberal view of education rests on the assumption that individuals should be free to determine their own destiny. Liberalism concentrates on the individual rather than society as a whole and that education should consider individual strengths not impose the same curriculum on everyone and presume that it would be suitable; education should bring out a persons strengths. Ivan Illich, writer of ‘Be-schooling Society ' (1971) says that formal schooling is failing most children and that schools over concentrate on paper qualifications, which do little or nothing in themselves. He also suggests that formal curriculum 's should be abolished and set lessons made non-compulsory and that education should find children 's strengths, not impose vague notions on what the government wants. Illich also suggests that the school indoctrinates pupils through the hidden curriculum and cares more about control of the pupils then their actual learning. An application of the liberal view to education was the fee-paying school created by A. S. Neill, headmaster of Summerhill School in the

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