Compare and Contrast Greece and Rome

1159 WordsNov 25, 20135 Pages
Compare/Contrast Compare/Contrast Greece & Rome Compare/Contrast Page 1 “And what he greatly thought, he nobly dared.” Homer “Wherever the fates lead us let us follow.” Virgil Not all roads lead to it and it most definitely was not built in a day, but Rome stands out in our modern western culture as the grandest of all ancient civilizations. We see evidence of the Roman world all around us; in such things as our architecture, art and government. But…show more content…
Romans were heavily influenced by Etruscan and Greek culture. Economics and Politics The economy and politics of Greece were extremely complex. Most importantly Greek commercial expansion through new trade markets around the Mediterranean with the non-Greek world made it possible for more men to purchase land and power. At the same time the concept of a polis (city) and demos (common people) and the idea of discussion of public choices and possible outcomes with collective concern were born in the city-state. Two of the most well-known to us today are Athens and Sparta, but there were many more. The mountainous terrain as well as a deeply entrenched sense of independence probably allowed the system to remain more of a loose confederation than a central republic, like that of Rome. The early Roman republic probably began around the year 509 BCE and lasted for more than 450 years before the gradual decay of its republican institutions. The Senate, which concentrated political leadership, had come in place by 300 BCE or so to represent the ruling class of patricians and wealthier members of the plebs. The typical Roman citizen lived in the country and the bulk of the Roman economy was based on agriculture and land ownership. But as the empire grew
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