Compare and Contrast Italian Renaissance Painting and Sculpture to the Northern Renaissance Painting and Sculpture

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Before you can compare and contrast the art of the Italian Renaissance to the artworks of the Renaissance in the North, you have to understand the roots of the Renaissance. Renaissance has a special meaning, referring to a period of the grand florescence of the arts in Italy during the 14th century and progressed and migrated, in the 15th and 16th centuries, to Northern Europe. The Renaissance was stimulated by the revival of the classical art forms of ancient Greece and Rome. The “re-birth of knowledge,” better known as the Renaissance, can be contributed to the teachings of the Humanists at the time. Francesco Petrarch took little interest in his legal studies, and much rather preferred to spend his time learning about the classical…show more content…
Unlike their wealthy Italian counter parts, the merchant patrons of Italy were keener on fresco paintings, sculpture and architecture. A difference that is often overlooked, but impacts and influences the Italian and Northern Renaissance enormously, are the individual climates of the each region. It is not often taken into consideration but how hot or how cold a climate is affects the style, texture, preservation, and medium of choice of an artist. Italy is located by the Mediterranean Sea, and in fact is geographically almost entirely engulfed by the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean, with the exceptions of the colder regions of the Alps which lie in severe north Italy, produces a warm and damp climate for the most of the year. This warm climate allows the Italian Renaissance artists to use a lighter paint, and in most cases lighter colors, that results in the production of the famous Frescos that would be seen frequently through out the Italian peninsula. This was extremely different in the North, artistic style wise and obviously climate wise. The Low Countries, France, the Duchy of Burgundy, and the Holy Roman Empire are not known to be warm. In fact, the terrain is comprised of mountainous, forested, and rugged lands, with the overall climate being cold and wet with snow. Because of such a colder climate the idea of frescos was unheard of, it would have been nearly impossible to paint them in such a cold climate. The northern artists

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