Compare and Contrast One Process Theory of Motivation with One Content Theory. Include in Your Answer a Brief Explanation Why One Is a Process and the Other Is a Content Theory.

2774 Words Nov 14th, 2012 12 Pages
Compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory. Include in your answer a brief explanation why one is a process and the other is a content theory.

This essay will begin first of all by defining “Motivation” as a business concept and then go on to present one process and content theory each before finally comparing them both.

The term “Motivation” was originally from the Latin verb movere, which mean “to move” (Beck, 2004) however this is an inadequate definition here as it is too simplified and doesn’t cover the various processes associated with how human behaviour is activated. (Steers, R.M, Porter, L.W., & Bigley, G.A., 1996) but it lets us know that motivation is concerned with our movements or actions
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(Adams, 1963 cited in Steers, 1996)

The choice of a particular method of restoring equity will depend on the inequitable situation (Adams suggests, however that the person will attempt to maximize positively valent outcomes and minimize increasing effortful inputs in restoring equity.) in addition the individual will resist changing the object of comparison and distorting inputs that are considered central to the self-concept. (Steers, 1996)

Both underpayment inequity and over payment inequity are dysfunctional for organisations, managers and workers, because motivation is highest when equity exists and outcomes are distributed to workers on the basis of their inputs to the organisation. Workers who contribute a high level of inputs and receive in turn a high level of outcomes are motivated to continue to contribute a high level of inputs. Workers who contribute a low level of inputs and receive a low level of outcomes know that if they want to increase their outcomes, they must increase their inputs. (George, 2002)

Equity theory is a popular theory of motivation and has received extensive research attention and although there have been some non supportive results, by and large the research evidence supports the main ideas of equity theory. (Greenberg, 1982 cited in George, 2002)

In contrast of process theories of work motivation, content theories of work motivation assume that factors exist within the