Compare and Contrast Person Centered and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

1269 Words Oct 31st, 2013 6 Pages
Compare and contrast person centered and cognitive behavioural approaches understanding and making use of the counseling relationship

Introduction

This assignment is an attempt to discuss two different types of therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and person centered therapy and highlight some important similarities and differences between them.

Cognitive behavioural therapy

John Watson (1957) believed psychology should be concerned with the observable, as behaviour could be measured and influenced (McLeod, 2008). Skinner, (1953) cited in McLeod (2008), believed a person has a repitior of possible responses to a stimuli and they exhibits the response that is reinforces or rewarded (operant conditioning).

The central
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Cognitive distortions are overgeneralisation, dichotomous thinking and personalisation (McLeod 2008). These distortions reduce the persons ability to process information (Mcleod 2008). Research suggests that cognitive distortions are part of the way everybody handles difficult situations, therefore should they be regarded as causes of emotional problems? (Mcleod, Pg.145).

CBT is concerned with actions that produce change using a structured program, table 1. (Mcleod 2008, 149)

Table 1

|METHODS|
1|ESTABLISHING RAPPORT AND CREATING A WORKING ALLIANCE|
2|ASSESSING THE PROBLEM, IDENTIFYING FREQUENCY AND INTENSITY|
3|SETTING CLEAR AND SPECIFIC TARGETS OF CHANGE|
4|USING COGNITIVE AND BEHAVIOURAL TECHNIQUES

|
5|MONITORING AND ASSESSING PROGRESS|
6|COMPLETION AND PLANNED FOLLOW UP FOR REINFORCEMENT|

Within this model the counselor can employ a wide range of techniques to achieve the behavioural objectives agreed, these include - challenging irrational beliefs, rehearsing different self statements, experimentation of self statements in real situations and systematic desensitization (Mcleod 2008). Behavioural therapist work on changing behaviour and it’s assumed that changes in feeling and thinking will follow.

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Person-centerd therapy.

Humanistic therapy emerged in the 1950's as an alternative to behavioural and psychoanalytic therapy. Rogers is it’s