Essay on Compare and Contrast Two Mental Illnesses

1273 Words Dec 6th, 2011 6 Pages
Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder Page 1

Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder
Angela M. Powell
English Composition I
Kim Elliott-White
April 18, 2011

Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder Page 2

Brain disorders are commonly misunderstood due to the
actions of the person living with the disorder. Education about
brain disorders should decrease the misunderstanding of the
disorders, and increase the support for those suffering with the
A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or
behavioral pattern generally associated with distress or disability
that occurs in an individual and which is not part of normal
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During this
state a person may talk very fast, jump from one idea to the next
or become easily distracted. The second episode is caused by an
extremely sad or hopeless state called depressive episode.
While in a depressive episode the person may feel tired or
slowed down, they may become restless or irritable, or may even
Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar disorder Page 5

think of death or consider attempting suicide. Though the
majority of the episodes associated with bipolar depression may
be categorized in either manic or depressive episodes, there are
some cases where a person has symptoms of both. The act of
showing manic and depressive symptoms is known as a “mixed
The causes of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are still
unknown. There is no cure for either illness to date. Treatments
for schizophrenia focus mainly on eliminating the symptoms of
the illness. A schizophrenic patient is given antipsychotic
medications as well as psychosocial treatments. Some of the
medications given to treat schizophrenics are thorazine, haldol,
prolixin, etrafon, or trilafon. These medications are some of the
original medications used. They are considered the
conventional or “typical” antipsychotic medications used to treat
the illness. Drugs like risperdal, geodon, zyprexa, abilify,
invega and seroquel are all newer medications used to treat the

illness. These medications are…