Compare and Contrast the Biblical Creation Myths with Other Creation Myths from Greece and the Ancient Near Eas

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Compare and contrast the Biblical creation myths with other creation myths from Greece and the Ancient Near East. This essay will compare and contrast the Biblical creation myths with other creation myths from Greece and the Ancient Near East. It will first discuss the initial creation of the universe followed by the creation of mankind and finally the recreation of man whilst drawing parallels to Sumerian and Babylonian texts, The Old Testament and Hesiods Theogony. In paying particular attention to the chronology of each myth it will be shown that the creation myths regarding the universe and mankind evolved from as far back as the Sumerian stories. From the fragmented Sumerian tablets discovered throughout the nineteenth…show more content…
Although there are echoes of Mesopotamian and Greek creation myths all through Genesis, especially the order in which creation transpired, all three also represent the universe as a three tiered dome including heaven, earth, and the underworld. However, the differences are also plentiful. Both the Greeks and Sumerians/Babylonians believed in a polytheistic monarchy whereas the Israelites (particularly after their exile from Babylon) adopted a non-pagan retelling focusing on a single gods omnipotence , however through much of Genesis 1:1-31 we find the LORD addressing another presence; "Let us make man in our likeliness ." evidently their was some difficulty in the complete abortion of a polytheistic belief system when evolving the new creation story. The monotheistic creation of the universe is accomplished by separating each part into its place to fulfill its function (for example; the moon and sun) whereas all polytheistic myths involve another deity being created, usually through the union of two others, to represent the different parts of the physical universe or in some cases, like the great Babylonian goddess Mammu-Tiamat being split into two to form the earth and the heavens, the god and the physical object created are one and the same . In all Mesopotamian and Greek cosmogony myths and Hebrew

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