• Compare and Contrast the Constructs and Measures of Intelligence and Achievement.

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Define the term test The term “ test” comes from the late 14th century old French word for a “small vessel used in processing precious metals” (Harper, 2010, Para. 1). Thus in the 1590s records show its use as “trial or examination to determine the correctness of something” (Harper, 2010, Para. 1). According to Hogan, 2007, p. 38) The standards for Educational and Psychological Testing defines test as, “an evaluative device or procedure in which a sample of an examinees’ behavior in a specified domain is obtained and subsequently evaluated, and scored using a standardized process.” Furthermore, Hogan stated that a test is a systematic and standardized qualification procedure or device that produces information about…show more content…
Neuropsychological tests are designed to give information about brain function and the central nervous system. According to Hogan, (2007), assessing brain function includes “tests of memory for verbal and figural material, psychomotor coordination, and abstract thinking” (Hogan, 2007, p.8). Compare and contrast the concepts of reliability and validity and discuss how they affect the field of psychological testing. Moreover, the two of the most important concepts in testing are reliability and validity, whereas validity refers to if the test measures of what it aims to measure. On the other hand, reliability refers to the consistency of the measurement (Hogan, 2007). Hence, both concepts give tests their value. Further, a measure can be reliable validity; however, a test cannot be valid if it is not reliable. According to Hogan, (2007), the expected components of testing are consistency, replication, and dependability. Thus, using these terms, a test consistently must produce the same or similar information, and it must tend toward replication “within a certain margin of error” (Hogan, 2007, p. 113). Furthermore, the test must be dependable and produce the same score for an individual. However, validity is the most important characteristic of a test. According to (Hogan, 2007, p. 157), it is the imprecise to question the validity of a test, but rather “refer to the

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