Compare and Contrast the Natural and Social Sciences in Their Philosophy and Approach to Research

983 Words Feb 1st, 2018 4 Pages
Laws of physics , mathematics and chemistry look for logical, verifiable knowledge of the natural and physical world , in an attempt to translate it into applicable models and systems of valid and recognised 'stock' of facts and data. It has been the purpose of the natural sciences to produce scientific statements, following an objective , value-free observation of facts and through deduction , formulation of hypotheses and testing the scientific validity of the same, to measure and quantify evidence.
In contrast , the social sciences such as sociology, history , anthropology seek to explain and interpret human behaviour , its actions and meanings attributed to these in the social world in order to produce normative statements, that translate , ideas and meanings constructed by the human being in a social contextual, reality. (Alan Bryman , 2008). The debate of the applicability of the natural sciences, philosophy and approach, to research by the social sciences has its roots in a traditional dispute by the positivist school of thought in contrast to the interpretivist one, that emerged as an alternative and as an opposing standing by various social researchers. It is pertinent to explore and identify the similarities and differences between the natural and the social sciences, in their philosophy and approach to research in…