Compare and Contrast the Northern and Italian Renaissance

807 Words Jun 12th, 2012 4 Pages
Italian High Renaissance artists achieved ideal of harmony and balance comparable with the works of ancient Greece or Rome. Renaissance Classicism was a form of art that removed the extraneous detail and showed the world as it was. Forms, colors and proportions, light and shade effects, spatial harmony, composition, perspective, anatomy - all are handled with total control and a level of accomplishment for which there are no real precedents.
Leonardo da Vinci was a Florentine artist, one of the great masters of the High Renaissance, who was also celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. Leonardo fuses his subject with the landscape behind her by means of light. He called this technique sfumato ( smokiness)
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Although Michelangelo 's David embodies the athletic ideal of antiquity in its muscularity, here the male nude implies, as it had in classical antiquity, heroic or even divine qualities. David also represents the power of right over might.
Raphael Sanzio or Raffaello was an Italian master painter and architect of the Florentine school in High Renaissance, celebrated for the perfection and grace of his paintings. He was also called Raffaello Sanzio, Raffaello Santi, Raffaello da Urbino or Rafael Sanzio da Urbino. He moved to Florence at the age of 20, where he was exposed to Leonardo da Vinci, "whom he never ceased to admire as a mentor and father figure", and to Michelangelo. Raphael learned from both men, but while he made use of their exploration of human anatomy, he added sentiment to his paintings.He was commissioned by Julius II to paint some of the rooms at his palace at the Vatican. This marked a turning point, and he was only twenty-five years old. He remained almost exclusively in the service of Julius and his successor Leo X. He painted "a series of frescoes in the papal apartments" as well as those of the "Stanza della Segnatura, which include his vast School of Athens."
Between 1520 and 1600 a growing dissatisfaction with classical techniques and styles led artists towards developing a new movement later called
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