Compare and contrast the Frankenstein novel and Coleridge's rime of the ancient mariner in terms of narrative voice, theme and literary techniques

1558 WordsApr 4, 20077 Pages
Mary Shelley and Samuel Taylor Coleridge are two established writers of the Romantic era. Works by both writers are unique in many ways. The profound influence of Coleridge's " The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere" is reflected in Shelly's "Frankenstein" in terms of narrative structure, themes and literary techniques. This essay will compare and contrast the "Frankenstein" extract and the poem, "The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere" in three aspects, namely the narrating voice, the themes and the literary techniques used. In the "Frankenstein" passage, Victor's creation, the creature, is the narrator. Here, a framed narrative is presented by the creature to allow his side of the story to be heard as he attempts to gain self-definition and…show more content…
The creature begins as an innocent and lonely being who longs for love and compassion but realizes that he will never be accepted by the community because of his abomination. He was first abandoned by Victor, leaving him to fend for himself and later rejected again and again by the community with anger, hatred and violence. Shelly uses this theme to reflect the shallowness of society where social prejudice is founded on appearances and stress the idea of society's injustice towards abnormalities. It can be understood that the monstrosity in the creature is a social product. On the other hand, the mariner experiences solitude as part of his punishment for his sin. His experience came about as a result of his impulsive act of killing the albatross. Unlike the creature who has been unjustly subjected to isolation without a choice, the mariner has a choice. He could have chosen not to kill the bird. In a way, his solitude is self induced. With solitude comes sufferings and that leads us to another common theme of sufferings and impact. In the extract, the creature laments that his sufferings came from the ill treatment he received from human beings. His sufferings left a negative impact on his innocent soul as his hatred for his creator and his species grew from this injustice which ultimately led him to "murder the lovely and the helpless…strangle the innocent…grasp to death his throat…" (prose

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