Compare the Main Features of Peasant Society with Those of Tribal Society. Be Sure to Include How the Exchange of Surplus Differs Between Tribal and Peasant Society, and When and How Social Relationships Go Beyond

882 Words Jun 23rd, 2014 4 Pages
Culture has been used to signify the ‘’pattern of life within a community-the regularly recurring activities and material and social arrangements’’ of a specific group. A tribe consists of a unity of people by ties of descent from a common ancestor, community of customs and traditions or adherence to the same leaders. There are two types of labels that can be given to a tribe. One of them is the mosaic view, which consists of small-scale of tribes located mainly in the tropical world, and these make up a type of mosaic cultures. This means in essence that every culture is very unique and has to be studied differently, hence mosaic (every part is different not common).

The second view is the ladder type. This is made
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However some tribes, for example The Mojave Indian Tribe prefer to trade surplus crops with coastal tribes for goods that they see as valuables, for instance; shells. Usually a tribe sometimes specializes in making an object or resource in surplus, other tribes who do not produce or have the skill to make it will be willing to trade for their surplus.

Peasants are not exactly a class, as a peasant can be the owner of the land, whilst other serve land lords under their command of the land. Peasants are subsistence, which means that they produce enough to supply their own family. They are self- contained. They also thrive to produce surplus or produce cash-crops/specialised products to supply to outside economy (markets) as well. Therefore, contribute economically as producers and consumers into wider economic systems. One may take the Pottery production in Amatenango, Mexico; this pottery industry is only available in one region therefore nearly every person in the village produces pottery to supply the regions and its economy is based on the production itself.
Another factor that must be taken into consideration when studying social relations is when a society goes beyond kinship relations in order to reinforce their status and maintain prestige of the kin. Trobriand tribes take part in the Kula. This is a kind of ceremonial expedition, which made tribesmen undertake a…