Comparing Ancient Greece And Rome

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Ancient Greece and Rome were the first to implement democracy. Though both democracies eventually failed, both were very successful for a long time. If they were both successful at first, one must wonder why they both failed. These democracies were attempted in different places and times by what were some of the most powerful empires of their times. This question is even more pressing in the United States due to their use of the same form of government. Though they were implemented thousands of years apart parallels are often drawn between the Roman and American democracies. The Greek and Roman democracies had unique structures and they each fell apart in a different way; Greece became entrapped in violent times while Rome fell to the greed of its own people. Democracy was instated in ancient Greece by the tyrant Cleisthenes. Cleisthenes was strongly against factionalism and took steps to prevent factions from occurring in the democracy. There were three natural factions in Greece; urban, rural, and coastal. To offset this, Cleisthenes divided Greece into 170 demes and 10 tribes. The tribes consisted of scattered demes so they would be prevented from allying together to create a faction. The goal of this new form of government was to maximize individual liberties. Greece’s democracy was significant because no other ancient society put so much power on the hands of the people and because officials served the state and the constitution, not a person (125). Pericles was a great
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