Comparing Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman Architecture Essay

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The two ancient civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome were the best of the best during their time periods. Ancient Greece began around 2000 B.C. by the inhabitants known as the Mycenaean’s, followed by the Minoans. The Minoans built the foundation of Greece. The Roman Empire was founded around 753 B.C. by the two twins, Romulus and Remus. Romulus ended up killing Remus and built the city of Rome on one of seven rolling hills. Architecture was very important to both civilizations and they were always trying to out due the other. The architectural style of the Ancient Greeks and Romans was overall constructed and used differently. The ancient Greeks developed a system of orders which were known as columns. There were three different…show more content…
The top if the column has a scroll like design. The Ionic order is mostly found in the eastern part of Greece and some of its islands along the coast (“Ancient Greece” 2). The base supports the columns. The capitol of the column has two volutes and they rest atop a band of palm-leaf ornaments (“Architecture in Ancient Greece” 1). “The most important feature of the Ionic order is the frieze” (“Architecture in Ancient Greece” 1). The area in ancient Greece where the Ionic order was most prevalent was around Greeks in Asia Minor and the Greek islands. A monument that includes the Ionic order columns is the temple of Athena Nike. The Corinthian order columns are the most extravagant type of column. It was the last column to be developed by the ancient Greeks. The Greeks did not really use this type of column to its full potential, but the ancient Romans did (“Ancient Greece” 3). Some examples of monuments or building that used the Corinthian order consisted of the temple of Zeus at Athens. It was probably the most notable of the Corinthian temples (“Ancient Greece” 3). The ancient Greek Acropolis was dedicated to the Goddesses Athena. Acropolis in Greek means “The Sacred Rock, The high city” (“Ancient Greece” 3). The Acropolis is known world wide. There are many extravagant buildings and monuments
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