Imagine asking a five-year-old to draw a picture of a house. A native Floridian probably wouldn’t draw the typical split-plan design with a tile roof and a screened-in lanai. The extent of the child’s artistic ability would probably consist of a box with a triangle on top of it. As fundamental as it sounds, the use of this structure has a long history dating back to ancient Greece. The classical Greek temple, the Parthenon, made use of this design and influenced (the still rather different) Roman Pantheon.
The Greek architecture, especially public commemorative building usually are single-storey and simple rectangular form. According to the number and arrangement of the building column to made different building form. The temple of the Pantheon was surrounded by columns and the columns of Temple of Athena Nike are placed in the front and back of the building. Therefore, the column, basic and entablature are the key to decide the level of art and style of the building. Moreover, Greece is designed buildings as a sculpture with a beautiful look from the outside view. Greek architecture was mean to be viewed as a piece of art that would give pleasure to the gods. Ornate exteriors of the buildings, pediments, metopes and the relative drabness of the interiors are the evidence which is easy to see.
The Rome’s Pantheon and Greek’s Parthenon are both significant and innovative structures that have influenced the architecture around the world. This essay will describe the style and function of each building as well as the similarities and differences between ancient Greece and Rome in four characters including history, design, usage, and similarity.
The most obvious similarity would be that of the protruding domes the two buildings possess. While they do have similar shape, they are constructed differently according to the style of the area. The Pantheon, for example, consists of stone and concrete, as opposed to the Dome of the Rock, which consists of a gilded wooden dome. With a central diameter of 142 feet, the Pantheon is actually the world’s largest unsupported dome. The romans had to design it with certain weight releases, such as the numerous coffers and the central oculus, in order to keep the dome from collapsing on itself. Because of its shape, most of the weight is pushed down and around the circumference of the dome. To keep it supported, thick concrete walls inside of the
Architecturally, societally and religiously, the Parthenon of Athens and the Pantheon of Rome share many similarities and some important differences. Fortunately, these wonders of the ancient world have survived to give us some idea of their construction and use.
The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome. There were two questions asked which were for us to “consider how the style and function (use) of each building serves as a typical example of its culture.” And also “How are the similarities and differences between ancient Greece and Rome seen in these two buildings?”. The buildings were built a few hundred years apart and while they do have differences they also
Initial observations of the Roman Pantheon from the front appear to be similar to the ruins of the Greek Parthenon, but really both structures are somewhat unique in their composition, purpose, design, and fate. Constructed over half of a millennium after the Parthenon was built, the Pantheon, built in 27 B.C., exhibits some of the architectural styles and characteristics of its predecessor. However, the Romans refined Greek building techniques, thereby developing a unique and more advanced architectural style.
Ancient Greek society is renowned for its remarkable and inspiring architecture typical of Greek temples. From their beautiful, ornate columns to their picturesque statues, the architecture of the Ancient Greeks was copied and emulated. Roman architecture was influenced heavily by the Greek style and often imitated it. The Greek style is still used to decorate modern buildings. Government buildings, like the U.S. State Capital, often have Greek style columns and design elements. Their style of architecture has endured centuries of revolving fashions and remained popular.
Greek and Roman architecture is truly amazing. They each had great ideas, and fabulous productions. It is said that the Pantheon is to Italy what the Parthenon is to Greece. Both are tremendous monuments that reek of culture and history. Each had a purpose which was displayed by the design and construction of each. There are such great meanings behind each of these architecural structures. The Romans and the Greeks alike worshipped and dedicated their structures and designs to the Gods and Goddess they believed in.
Many often lump Greek and Roman culture into one movement. The Greeks were an influence on the Roman Empire in everything from their art, architecture, and mathematics to their political structure. Though they are separated by over 500 years, the building of the Parthenon and Pantheon were each hugely significant architectural strides for each culture. Each has their similarities, as well as differences. On a whole, they set the way for the architects of the future with their vision.
Many people consider the Parthenon to be an extraordinary building. Why is this building so celebrated and influential? The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the building’s history, examine the intricate architectural choices, and explore the extent to which selected Classically-inspired architectural works have taken influence from the Parthenon.
The Parthenon is located in Athens, Greece and was completed in 432BC. It was championed by Perikles, a local politician. It was built as a temple for the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom, courage, justice, law, and mathematics. Additionally, she was seen as the patron goddess of Athens (Athena, nd). The Parthenon was built at the height of Athenian power, and served the additional function of a show of strength and wealth (Parthenon, nd).
The Roman Pantheon is a monumental building that has clearly influenced many forms of architecture throughout history. The entire building has been constructed of concrete and at the time in history, is an extraordinary feat to accomplish with its dome form with no real interior structural support. Although the Pantheon has influenced many buildings, it is not particularly an eye pleasing building to view compared to the pavilion in an English Garden from the 18th Century. For example, the exterior of the Pantheon consists of an octastyle portico, backed against a tall, square attic block connecting the cylindrical walls and the portico. This combination of different forms and shapes coming together does not create a pleasing connection or