Comparing Augustine And Free Will

Decent Essays
Paul saw sin as any act that violated God’s law, whether that be by nature or literal and physical law. It was evident that Paul believed that whoever “sinned without out the law will perish without the law” (Romans 2:12). He also discusses that those without the law, such as Gentiles, would do law with what is “written in their hearts, their conscience testifying” (Romans 2:15). To avoid sin, one can either follow the law through the legal system, or you can understand the law through one’s faith/relationship with God; either path would hopefully allow someone to avoid sin as much as possible. While Paul does believe that humans can minimize how much they sin, he does not believe that they escape it all together. Paul believes that humans…show more content…
Before original sin was committed, Augustine does explain that the will was considered “rightly directed”, rather than “wrongly directed” (lecture), like it is today. A rightly directed will, according to Augustine, is a will directed by reason that aims to love (Augustine XI.7) and do actions that God would command one to do. The wrongly directed will is composed of “ill-love” (Augustine XI.7) and humans not relying on reason and instead they are driven by desire to acquire material things of the human world, rather than ensuing the path of…show more content…
Adam and Eve’s “pride” is what led them to sin, because the serpent had informed them that they could become self-sufficient and more knowledgeable. Their “undue exaltation” (Augustine XI.13), such as their desire to become self-sufficient and knowledgeable like God, allowed them to choose the wrongly directed path that God has not intended, therefore resulting in the first sin. Lastly, Augustine also explains how he believes that free will and the body are two distinct things. In fact, Augustine describes “lust” (Augustine XI.16) as a type of wrongly directed will that is common among humans, but explicitly states how this will “takes possession of the whole body” and “moves the whole man” (Augustine XI.16) into bodily pleasures. It is important for Augustine to make this distinction about the will, because he wants to show how humans still have the opportunity to choose a rightly directed will, instead of always thinking and/or acting with a wrongly directed
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