Comparing Civilizations And Societies Function On Numerous Principles

1183 WordsMar 7, 20165 Pages
Civilizations and societies function on numerous principles; one major principle is a code of conduct. Rules of conduct in societies can be spoken, unspoken or written. No society can function without rules and codes of conduct. For those that violate a code of conduct or societal rule, or rule of law, there are consequences to their actions. Societies have varying levels of punishment given the nature of undesirable conduct by a given offender. Modern forms of punishment still consist of varying degrees of severity, where punishments can range from monetary fines, incarceration and death. Two of the primary rationales behind theses punishments are deterrence and incapacitation. With deterrence, incarceration is punitive and is…show more content…
State prison and county jail inmates who receive general education and vocational training are significantly less likely to return to prison after release and are more likely to find employment than peers who do not receive such opportunities. Researchers found that inmates who participate in correctional education programs have 43 percent lower odds of returning to prison than those who do not. The estimate is based on studies that carefully account for motivation and other differences between correctional education recipients and non-recipients. Employment after release was 13 percent higher among prisoners who participated in either academic or vocational education programs than those who did not. Those who participated in vocational training were 28 percent more likely to be employed after release from prison than who did not receive such training. The findings also suggest that prison education programs are cost effective. The direct costs of providing education are estimated to be from $1,400 to $1,744 per inmate, with re-incarceration costs being $8,700 to $9,700 less for each inmate who received correctional education as compared to those who did not.2 Prison education is also referred to as inmate education, and it entails the entire sequence of educational activities that take place inside a prison. This education is always in the form of vocational training or academic education prisoners are helped to undergo the education system that they could have missed
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