Comparing Differing Approaches for Effective Solid Waste Management

1959 WordsJul 12, 20188 Pages
In early history, all the waste generated by people, which composition was totally organic, was left on the ground where it was decomposed with time. Moreover, the population was small and everything was repaired and reused. As people began to produce items for their comfort and build houses, the population grew and cities burgeoned. According to National Waste & Recycling Association (2012), as population grew, waste production increased, and consequently emerging the necessity to develop waste disposal systems. Industrial Revolution led in greater production and consumption. As a result, the waste generation has become higher and alarming. According to Laurent et. al. (2014), the amount of solid waste worldwide generated in 2012 was…show more content…
An example of waste prevention is to print paper on both sides. The hierarchy of waste minimization prioritizes prevention, minimization, and the reuse of trash as the most preferred options aiming to reduce volume of waste. This is followed by recycling and resource recovery that aim to reclaim the waste generated. Lastly, the less preferred options are incineration and landfilling which are utilized as a last resource if there is not any chance of recovery (Oelofse & Godfrey, 2008). However, there are several waste management methods, defined in this section. Each country has different policies, legislation, and thoughts about solid waste. This paper aims to compare different approaches of solid waste management and discuss their effectiveness. For this reason, it will be discussed the role for effective solid waste management of: legislation and government policies, and engagement of actors involved. 2. Approaches for Effective Solid Waste Management 2.1. Legislation and Government Policies Since mid 20th century, the world has begun to understand that the natural resources are not infinite and pollution affects the environment. An example of these concerns was the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in 1972 in Stockholm. This was the first world meeting with the aim to discuss environmental issues (Black, 2012). In 1992, a second conference was held in Rio de Janeiro that resulted in an action plan called Agenda 21. This plan aims

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