Comparing Greek and Roman Architecture Essay

782 Words Mar 17th, 2013 4 Pages
When comparing Greek and Roman architecture and design we see many similarities as well as differences. Greek culture and society came into fruition roughly 1250 years before the rise of the Roman Empire and Roman artisans were strongly influenced by their Greek predecessors. However, the Greeks were not without their own influences. Egyptian building styles and art were refined by the Greeks as seen in their use of column and lintel construction. It is notable that influence from Persia and the Ancient Near East is also prevalent. Throughout the years Greece had six periods in which distinctions in art and design can be made. In order to compare and contrast the two cultures we must also look at the different geography surrounding them. Both …show more content…
Romans adopted variations of the Greek Doric order such as the Roman Doric and Tuscan. It is also very common to see the Romans using Ionic and Corinthian columns in their construction. When we look into the interior residential spaces of Greeks and Romans we find the floor plan to be quite similar, both were inward facing an usually had a peristyle courtyard and atrium type space with rooms leading off of it. But when we look into decor we see that the Romans were much more ornamental and lavish. We also have much better examples of Roman interior details than we have for Greece due to the preservation of the ancient cities Pompeii and Herculaneum. These cities were buried in the volcanic ash of Mount Vesuvius for almost 2,000 years. There we find bright, colorful murals adorn the walls and intricate mosaics cover the floors. Mural paintings were done in a variety of themes, depictions of daily life, animals, and portraits.

Romans would also use architectural elements like columns in their interior paintings and most were created in true fresco style, paint applied to wet plaster. For the mosaic inlayed floors the Romans used stone, glass, ceramics, and shells such as mother of pearl. These were created in a many unique geometric patterns and intricate scenes. Ancient Greeks also fabricated mosaics and sometimes used pebbles left in there natural shapes giving it a more
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