Comparing Learned, Imprinting, And Observational Learning

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Ethology is the study of an animal’s response to sensory input. In other words, the study of animal behavior. There are two types of behaviors: Learned and Innate behavior. These behaviors do not need to be learned or practiced. Innate behavior is also called instinctive behavior. An instinct is a animal's ability to perform a behavior the first time it's exposed to the proper stimulus. For an example, a dog will drool the first time (and every time) it's exposed to food. Or like ducks, baby ducks instinctively follow and become attached to whatever large moving object they first see. The moving object is usually their mother. This is an instinctive behavior that results in imprinting. Becoming imprinted on the mother helps ensure their…show more content…
Some other types of behaviors are: Defensive behavior, Imprinting, and Observational learning. Defensive behavior mean some animals are territorial so they defend an area that typically includes their nest and enough food for themselves and their offspring. They are most likely to put on a defensive display but won't be aggressive. For example, male gorillas may pound on their chest and thump the ground to warn other male gorillas to stay away from their territory. This gets the message across without physical conflict. Imprinting, is a form of learning in which a very young animal fixes its attention on the first object with which it has visual, auditory, or tactile experience and thereafter follows that object. Like puppies must be exposed to humans within the first two or three months of life, or they will never become socialized and be suitable as human companions. And lastly Observational learning, it includes observing the behavior of other individuals either copying or avoiding it. Even with humans we tend to mimic people around us based off observations. In our lab it involved observations of the red worm, Eisenia fetida. These worms thrive in rotting vegetation, compost, and manure. They are epigean, rarely found in soil. In this trait they resemble Lumbricus rubellus.Eisenia fetida worms are used for vermicomposting of both domestic and industrial organic waste. They
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