In addition, with Huxley’s successful ironic portrayal, I was able to make text to world connections. I was able to relate the surroundings created by the World State to the society in North Korea. North Korea’s dictatorship does not allow personal or religious freedom, there’s no protection of human rights, free will does not exist, and people are controlled by the government. In Brave New World, we also observe a totalitarian state where a society is controlled by conditioning individuals, taking soma and eliminating emotions. There is no war, no religious believes, no pain or hunger and “if anything should go wrong, there’s soma” (151). In both the novel and North Korea, there are ways to deal with those who don’t abide with the societal
The dependence on soma, the novel’s recreational drug, is shown through Lenina’s reaction to the Savage Reservation: “She felt in her pocket for her soma – only to discover hat, by some unprecedented oversight, she had left the bottle down at the resthouse. Bernard’s pockets were also empty. Lenina was left to face the horrors of Malpais unaided” (Huxley 95-96). Due to Lenina’s conditioning, she feels appalled by the viviparous and unclean behaviour that she witnesses; resulting in her desperate search for her soma. This action signifies that Lenina is unable to cope with unmannerly behaviour due to the fact she relies so heavily on the happiness the soma drug provides for her. Through conditioning, people’s actions are controlled and they are no longer individuals with free will but rather, individuals who depend on the synthetic happiness provided by the World State. Contrasting this with modern society highlights an issue about what gives our reality joy, and its sorrows; it is the ability to choose our path in life. In Brave New World, this freedom is removed and replaced with the need for a drug which provides a perception of happiness. Additionally, through conditioning, when feelings of sorrow is removed from society individuals live a lifestyle filled with synthetic happiness in the form of drugs, thus creating a hollow
Chapters 7 and 8 foreshadow the the future of Lenina. In these chapters Lenina meets Linda a woman who used to be of an upper caste but was forced to stay at the reservation after discovering that she was pregnant. At first Lenina is disgusted calling Linda speaking in with derogatory terms such as “So fat. And all the lines in her face, the flabbiness, the wrinkles. And the sagging cheeks, with those purplish blotches…” (Huxley 121) But once Lenina is able to move past Lindas looks the two instantly hit it off, and talk of all the great times each had had as an upper caste woman, but the story of Linda eerily foreshadows the fate of Lenina. It can be assumed that what has happened to Linda will also happen to Lenina, as she is also of
The Lives of Others and Goodbye, Lenin are two movies cleverly depicted about the fall of Communism. One director chooses to portray humor as the base of his movie, while the other chooses a more dark and serious tone. Both directors clearly want their viewers to understand the seriousness of what the fall of the Berlin Wall meant and the importance of Germany’s East West unionization for the citizens of the GSD. However, a hidden truth in both movies is revealed. Truth about a culture that once existed, but has since been swept under the carpet of change. The late 80s brought on the fall of the Berlin Wall signifying the end of the Stalinist regimes that had once held so much power. Outlined below are two movies that, while so different in their delivery, end with the same clear message.
Revolution, one of the most significant similarities is characters. One of the many allegories is Old Major and Vladimir Lenin. Vladimir Lenin was born on April 10th, 1870. He was born into a wealthy family and early in his life, his brother was executed for trying to kill Czar Alexander the 3rd in a bombing plot. This event eventually led him to becoming a Marxist. One of the main things that Lenin is known for is being one of the founding fathers of Communism and for being the leader of the Bolshevik Party. The Bolshevik Party was established during the Russian Revolution to overtake the Provisional Government because of their inability to keep up with their commitments to the Russian citizens. When speaking of Old
It’s shocking how two people from different societies can be both similar and different at the same time. In Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, Linda and Lenina are two such characters. Each of them have their own characteristics which make them unique, but they also have separate characteristics. The three ways in which Lenina and Linda can be compared would be physically, intelligently, and emotionally.
"You ought to have asked me first whether I wanted to meet them." John was sick of being shown to people and gawked at. The rift between John's values and the rest of the "civilized" people was further split when Lenina tried to have John. "Whore!" cried John when he realized what she was doing, "Damned whore!" His beliefs were tested and he passed. The new world was so different than the reservation, Lenina and the rest of society was pushing him further and further away. "They had mocked him through his misery and remorse, mocked him with how hideous a note of cynical derision! Fiendishly laughing, they had insisted on the low squalor, the nauseous ugliness of the nightmare" What was paradise to some, was hell to John. The brave new world he had dreamed of was turning out to be a nightmare. Isolating himself from the rest of the world was his only escape.
Here, it is seen through Bernard?s eyes how members of different castes interact with one another. Bernard views members of lower castes as disgustingly inferior to himself;
It is evident that Bernard and Lenina shift their attitudes after they meet the savage, John. Bernard gets a taste of power after bringing the savage home to London and becomes satisfied and happy as defined by Brave New World, a complete turnaround from his previous, almost American ideals. Lenina finds love and joy, as an American would define it after being content for so many years in the society of Brave New World. Before he finds the savage, Bernard is unhappy with his surroundings,
Bernard is unlike any other when he deals with his feelings and problems in World State. Bernard turns “pale” when he hears other men objectifying Lenina, whom he is attracted to(44). Although he knows she has many other men and other men have the choice to have her, he is unhappy with the way society is. It angers him and makes him want to “hit them in the face” because of the way other men don’t feel feelings the way Bernard does(45). Bernard does not take soma when he feels unhappiness, but decides to pursue Lenina even more. He wants to be “himself and nasty. Not somebody else”(89). He doesn’t feel that soma is the solution for any of his unhappy episodes. Bernard wants to develop himself in a conscious way, not taken over by soma. Although he has a harder time fitting in, he still wants to fit in and to love. His conscious mind seems to be more similarto those of contemporary society than those of World state.
In the novels, Brave new world published by Aldous Huxley in 1932 and Three Day Road published by Joseph Boyden in 2005 two characters are changed drastically throughout the duration of the novels. Lenina in Brave new world changes from a submissive and promiscuous woman of the World State to an emotional woman, showing her the potential to defy her conditioning. Elijah in Three Day Road cracks under the pressure of the war and changes from a defiant boy to a menacing assassin. Both authors are using these novels to comment on how strongly we are influenced by the environment which surrounds us.
‘I’d rather be myself,’ he said. ‘Myself and nasty. Not somebody else, however jolly.’ (Huxley 60). Bernard is initially upset with something that his society does to maintain consistent satisfaction: the use of soma, a drug that instills ecstasy within its user without the inconvenient drawbacks of normal drug/alcohol usage. He is afflicted by the fact that one would use soma to essentially ignore their problems and “fake” their emotions. This dissatisfaction carries on with his viewpoint on how his society treats women, “‘Talking about her as though she were a bit of meat.’ Bernard ground his teeth. ‘Have her here, have her there.’ Like mutton. Degrading her to so much mutton” (Huxley 33). As a rule, “everyone belongs to everyone”, and Bernard believes women are treated disgracefully and only for the use of sexual pleasure. This also contributes as “laughing instead of thinking” that afflicts him, as well as, finally, the thrill of pastimes as an everyday activity outside of work, compared to individualist hobbies and mental activities (discussion): “Then what about a round of Electro-magnetic Golf at St. Andrew’s? But again, no: Bernard considered that Electro-magnetic Golf was a waste of time. ‘Then what’s time for?’ asked Lenina in some astonishment. Apparently, for going walks in the Lake District; for that was what he now proposed...‘Alone with you, Lenina.’ ‘But,
In “The Jungle”, by Upton Sinclair, The Rudkuses are composed up of the stereotypical suffering victims of capitalism in America during the early 1900’s as the country was suffering through economic and population’s rapid growth due to immigrants. As the population grew, the available jobs decreased and the circulation was money decreased as well which lead to a failing economy amongst the immigrants. The rapid decrease in the economy lead to many illegal activities, and many people desperate for jobs. The desperate need for jobs lead to the business owners taking advantage of the people, and created many unsafe working conditions if it lead to money being saved. Their meat was processed, contaminated, and never checked for diseases. The immigrants considered themselves unprivileged, segregated, and worthless amongst a society of many people that treated their products and goods such as their workers, and the lack of standard kept in the workplace was viewed as the animal’s quality of life.
Aldous Huxley’s futuristic novel Brave New World propels the idea that the population in the utopian world is confined by the government only allowing them to be happy combined with the misconception of what being free truly means to a citizen.
In fact, by attempting to glamourize suffering by portraying it superficially, writers may lose the connection with us that appreciates literature. Instead, what we are left with is an over extended attempt to glorify suffering, or hide it within a guise of reality that is too savage to be true. Instead of the appreciative feeling that reality imbues within me as a reader, I am left with a sense of disgust, confusion and dissatisfaction. This feeling almost overwhelmed me while reading Adiga’s “The White Tiger” and it tainted my experience with the book. Adiga had written the novel without any firsthand experience in the rural areas of India to which his main character referred to as the darkness. Instead, being of a higher class, his accounts were based on second or third hand experiences which do not adequately depict the lower class’ realities. I found the following depiction of India’s ghettos both farcically unrealistic and eventually