Comparing Nineteen Eighty-Four and Utopia

1994 Words Jun 20th, 2018 8 Pages
Parallels in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Utopia

Literature is a mirror of life. In order to reflect their views on the problems in society, many authors of fiction, including Sir Thomas More of Utopia and George Orwell of Nineteen Eighty-Four, use parallels in character, setting, government, and society to link their works to the real world.

Characters are the appendages of a literary work, without well rounded characters, a novel is not complete. In many situations, authors use certain distinguishing features of a well known figure in society to shape the character in their works. These realistic characters are the work's link to the outside world. In the book Utopia, Thomas More presents himself as a character - the
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The London presented in 1984 is a ruin with the reminders of constant warfare. There are half-torn buildings everywhere, and people live in horrid conditions, lacking in a steady electricity supply, rations, and running water. "The London Orwell portrays is for the most part the naturalistically presented city during the Second World War and the years immediately afterward" (Brown 92). In 1948, merely three years after the end of the Second World War, London was a torn-down city as a result of years of endless bombing and warfare. Perhaps Orwell saw this fact and wanted to include the dreadfulness of warfare in his novel.

Warfare, consequently, is the wrongdoing of the government. As Thomas Paine once wrote, "Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one." To reflect the political ideas of themselves, authors often incorporate into their works a style of government that dominates in the story.

In More's Utopia, the government is a democracy, where the citizens elect the "syphogrant" of their district. The syphogrants are comparable to the Members of Parliament who represent the public in England. The syphogrants then elect two hundred "tranibors", a higher level of authority, and the tranibors elect the prince, the mayor of a city. The representatives of higher positions such as the tranibors and the prince, however,
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