Comparing Parliamentary and Presidential Systems of Government

741 Words May 22nd, 2013 3 Pages
2. Compare and Contrast a parliamentary system a presidential system, analyzing their strengths and weaknesses. Use specific examples. Do you think one system is more or less “democratic”. Why? Which system do you prefer? Why? In a parliamentary system of government the head of state (usually called a prime minister) is the head of the party with the majority of legislative representation. That is, unless one party fails to win a majority of the legislative seats or 50%+1. In that case the party with the highest percentage of legislatures attempts to form a coalition government by promising members of lesser parties a role in the government in turn for their support. This is done until that group has 50%+1 legislators backing the head of …show more content…
The strength of a presidential system is the lack of change. A a result of the president and legislature branch being elected independently they often times come from opposite parties. This can lead to political stagnation, because if the president and majority of legislatures oppose each others policy very little legislation can be passed. A contemporary example is president Obama and democrats trying to pass legislation with a Republican majority in the house of representatives. Democrats are not able to pass legislation they want and Republicans are also not able to enact policies that they think would be beneficial to the country. For instance Democrats probably want to enact more stringent pollution standards but they aren't able to do so because Republicans in the house would block any regulatory legislation. An argument for the presidential system is that it allows for protection from tyranny of the majority. I think for the most part a parliamentary system of government is more democratic than a presidential system. If people want changes in their government they are able to vote for an opposing party and if that party gains a majority of the seats in the legislature they generally enact the changes that they promised. In contrast, a presidential system has many protections against swift changes that keep people from expressing their views and hopes for
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