Comparing Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology

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Comparing Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology
The counseling profession has a broad spectrum of possibilities when it comes to choosing which psychological approach to take. The field of counseling takes many forms and offers many career options, from school counseling to marriage and family therapy. As there are numerous styles in existence, it is important to be aware of the many approaches available to take. For my research two psychological approaches, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology, will be critically analyzed and discussed in depth in order to compare the techniques as well as effectiveness of each.
Foundation of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy was
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The psychosexual stages of development played an important role in human development also. Freud believed it was vital for every human to experience each stage fully; otherwise the consequences of the missed stage(s) would manifest later in the life cycle—a defense mechanism called “fixation.” Fixation occurs when there is conflict at a certain stage in psychosexual development. There are five psychosexual stages of development: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. The first psychosexual stage of development, the oral stage, begins in infancy and lasts throughout the first year. During this stage, infants are performing oral exercises such as sucking and learning to create noise with their mouths and will be expected to wean themselves from their mother’s breasts/bottles. If fixation occurs at this psychosexual stage, the individual is likely to have difficulty forming healthy relationships, as well as regulating their optimism and pessimism.
The second stage, the anal stage, occurs from the first year to year and a half until age 3. The child is learning the technique of controlling both their bladder and their bowels, as well as learning toilet training. When fixation occurs in the anal stage, it is manifested in the individuals’ personality. These anal-fixated individuals are the “anal-retentive” and “anal expulsive” population. They are always either late or messy, or they suffer from obsessive
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