Comparing The Belief Systems Of Christianity, Christianity And Hinduism

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Introduction A religion is an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, practices, and worship that centers around one or more deities (Halverson, 1996). Religion has guided the beliefs and actions of millions of people throughout the centuries. Presently, there are five major religions in the world: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Over the centuries, these five religious traditions have profoundly shaped human history. Presently, close to 80% of the world’s population belong to one of these five religions. Over the next five decades, Christianity will remain the world’s largest religion, but both Islam and Hinduism are growing the fastest. This paper will focus on two of the five major world religions, Christianity and Hinduism, and compare the belief systems of these two religious traditions. Hinduism is the oldest of the five main contemporary world religions. The most sacred scriptures of Hinduism are the Vedas, or “Books of Knowledge,” that were written in ancient India between 1500 and 500 BCE (Esposito, Fasching, & Lewis, 2015). The Vedas, consisting of Hindu hymns, ritual and teachings, were classified into four main books: the Rig-Veda, the Sama Veda, the Yajur Veda, and the Atharva Veda (Halverson, 1996). Collectively, the four Vedas are known as Chathurveda. The Chathurveda is the bedrock of the Hindu religion and has guided Hindus in their religious direction, traditions, practices, and worship for centuries (Nandan & Janghubai, 2013).

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