By the time the trial came around, it was evident that the boys had committed the murders, but it was still unclear why. After a ninety-day trial, some jurors seen the murders as self-defense from the alleged abuse and sexual abuse that was inflicted upon the boys by their father (Smolowe). The first two sets of juries found that the lifetime of abuse was enough to not convict the boys of the murders, but the third did not. The third jury were the ones that sentenced the boys to prison without the possibility of parole. During the first trial, one juror believed that these acts were self-defense, but others did not. Both of these trials were very horrific and the boys also said very horrific things. The jurors were said to only be shocked twice, once when Lyle said he would miss his dog more than his mom, and when Erik said he felt love for his mother when he put the shotgun against her cheek and shot her. These two comments brought the third jury to convict these brothers. The third jury did not believe that the boys killed Jose and Kitty because of the abuse that was supposedly inflicted upon them, but for them to receive their parents fortune (Latson). On March 20th, 1996, the brothers were then sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole, and justice had seemed to finally be served
November 2, 2007, was a very sad day due to the murder of Meredith Kercher. This is the day Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito lives were forever changed. This murder took place in Italy and through this case the Criminal and Justice Systems were found to be very different from country to country. This case specifically brought light how the United States and Italy are different when it comes to finding justice for committing a murder. These differences consist of an examination of justice, structure of the court systems and the use of evidence for conviction.
The reason: a sworn statement by Alfred Bello, who was a suspect himself, stating that he had seen the two men at the scene of the crime. A tape of Bello stating he was not sure that the suspected men were the ones at the crime scene apparently existed and was in the custody of the prosecutors but was illegally withheld from the jury. An all white 'death jury' (a jury in which, each person is supportive of capital punishment and are generally more supportive of a conviction) sentenced Carter and Artis to serve three consecutive life sentences for the murder of two men and a women in the Lafayette Bar in New Jersey in 1966.
The community’s response became more agitated as the trials continued. Those who confessed were neither tried nor sentenced. (LaPlante 138) The number of confessions only supported the girls’ accusations allowing them more credibility. Those who claimed to be innocent were hung following their trial or for one man tortured.
When change and tradition meet change is usually met with denial or acceptance. We see this strongly in the 1920’s with things like women's rights and other points of views being viewed as dangerous or inappropriate. Women in more urban areas in the 1920’s were becoming more open and independant and while they accepted this, many people in rural areas saw this as inappropriate. We even see this in the Sacco and Vanzetti trial. Sacco and Vanzetti were anarchists, and just for believing in something different than everyone else they were put to death for something they may or may have not done. Overall when change and tradition meet, they clash until eventually change wins and is accepted among the majority of people. Change scares people because with change comes unexpected things and when people have all lived with traditional ideas they want
12) Once this is complete they are taken to the correctional facility to be housed. In most cases they are stripped of their personal clothing and issued state jail suits. In the movie this didn’t happen immediately. The two boys were then placed in the same cell together which I thought personally was quite odd. The fact is I don’t think many jails would place suspects of the same crime together. The lawyer that they chose to represent them was very inexperienced. In most murder cases the lawyer that you would hire should have more experience than what Vinny had.
With a jury of twelve men found all of the defendants guilty. After an appeal to the Supreme Court, Spies, Parsons, Fischer and Engel were sentenced to hang. Neebe, Fielden and Schwab were given life sentences. Louis Lingg most likely would have served a life sentence as well, however, he committed suicide.
April 6, 1931, the trials for the Scottsboro boys begin(Uschan 16). The boys were represented by Milo C. Moody and Stephen Roddy who were only given twelve days to prepare for the trials. Stephen was and unpaid, unprepared real estate attorney, and Milo was a forgetful seventy year old local attorney who hadn’t tried a case in a long time (“San Marcos” line 13). The trails were completely unorganized and false information was stated throughout the whole thing. The cross examination of Victoria Price lasted minutes and the defense offered very little information to the judge. Six out of the nine boys ended up denying the rape while 3 admitted to it. Even though the three men didn’t rape the women, because of beatings and threats, they admitted to the gang rape. By the time the trail had ended 8 out of the 9 boys were convicted and sentenced to death. Since one of the Scottsboro boys was only thirteen, he was considered too young to be tried as an adult (“UMKC” par. 6-7).
Giorgio Vasari is known for being the first Art Historian. He wrote the seminal work The Lives of the Artists. But why did he write it? Of course every book is written for a purpose but I don’t think Vasari was writing just to inform people of art and artists. At the beginning of the 14th Century the value of artists and their craft began to rise. They had been a member of the guild system along with other valued members of the medieval economic system certainly but suddenly wealthy people not just the clergy saw buying art and dedicating it to God as a way to pay for past sins and show their esteemed colleagues that they were actually doing something to ensure passage to heaven. This rise of humanism is continuing theme into the next two centuries when it reaches Vasari. If Art has reached its zenith in realism and can go no higher. How then can Vasari increase his worth and that of his fellow artists in the world’s estimation? Write a book detailing the lives of great artists and explain how they received their genius from God and made startling contributions to the many great religious and civic efforts of Italy and Florence in particular. This was going to help him increase his own power if he could connect his talent to the greatness of God and those who needed God’s Grace more than most; the rich and powerful.
sentenced to execution for the prisoner's escape. One of these young men said that he had a
In the 1960s a murder was taken place, the Egan murders. This included Peter, Barbara, and Gerald Egan. The finally verdict ended being that their prime suspect and accused (Jo Leone) was found innocent, primary due to the jury receiving personal threats as well as the prosecutor, who didn’t seem to press hard enough on the defendant.
One of the men that were accused was blind and the other couldn’t walk without assistance. Regardless 3 days later the 8 of the 9 men were sentenced to death even though the witnesses all felt that the white women were lying. This trial was appealed and put into the Supreme Court because the defendants were not supplied with sufficient lawyers.
At the beginning of the century, Americans were disappointed with the outcome of the European war. This resulted them to go against all things foreign, which included racial political ideas and immigrants. The country had to face many decisions made by communists, which created the Red Scare. The Red Scare was a spread of the fear of communism. One of the most important cases involving the Red Scare was the Sacco and Vanzetti case. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, who were Italian, atheists, conscientious objectors, and radicals, were both accused of the murder of a paymaster and his guard at South Braintree, Massachusetts. They were both holding revolvers and told lies to the judge and court, but the flaws in evidence proved they were not guilty. “Many critics believed that the accused had been found guilty of radicalism rather than murder- that they were martyrs in the ‘class struggle’” (Race and Ethnicity Packet). Their conviction illustrated the unfairness of the trial based on the beliefs and race. The American jury and judge for the trial was
Later in 1966, Alfred P. Bello, a well-known criminal and a suspect himself, gave the police a signed statement claiming he saw Carter and Artis at the murder scene. Carter and Artis were arrested and later indicted for the triple murders. An all-white jury convicted Carter and Artis. The prosecutor wanted them to receive the death penalty, but the jury recommended mercy. They were sentenced to three life terms.