Pain threshold is the point when a stimulus causes pain. Pain threshold limit varies between everyone and the reason for that is because of the genes you inherited from your ancestors. Controlling these genes can result in higher pain threshold or higher pain sensitivity, as the
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO COMMUNICATE ABOUT PAIN? Being in pain can make you feel unwell and have negative feelings. It can interfere with your daily activities, such as work, school, hobbies, or relationships. Pain can be a sign you have a condition that needs to be treated. A pain scale can help you describe your pain so your health care provider has a better idea of what you are feeling and how to treat your condition.
Pain effects the body through the nerves. The phenomena of pain is conveyed from a peripheral part of the person, through afferent nerves to a part of the brain, similar to sight, touch, and hearing. These signals are then interpreted by the brain as pain (Murphy, 1981). The nerve cells used to relay pain messages to the brain are specific nerve cells called nociceptors. These nerves do not send messages until "the stimulus reaches noxious levels," (McClesky, 1992).
The Gate Control Theory of Pain Gate control theory was first described in 1965 by Melzack and Wall. (Gate Control Theory. 2012). The gate control theory recognizes that stimuli other than pain pass through the same gate. (DeWit, S., Stromberg, H., & Dallred, C. 2017, p.124). The gate control theory states that when the gate is open, pain sensation is allowed through; when the gate is closed, pain is blocked. (DeWit, S., Stromberg, H., & Dallred, C. 2017, p.141). The theory relates to nursing practice in several ways: two type of nerve fibers – small-diameter and large-diameter – carry pain stimuli, activity in small-diameter nerve fibers open the gate, and activity in large-diameter closes it, increase in anxiety open the gate, and decrease in anxiety closes it. Fear that pain will not be controlled may increase pain intensity, and knowing pain is being controlled reduces pain. (DeWit, S., Stromberg, H., & Dallred, C. 2017, p.124). Pain is a “neuromatrix” where pain is a multidimensional experience, which stimuli are influenced by experience, cultural learning, and
Describe the evidence that pain perception is not entirely dependent on physical injury Each individual have experience pain differently. This is usually due to the factors of ethnicity, genetics and sex. This is known as pain perception. Different pain experiences are usually based on the location and severity of pain of an injury. However, evidence has shown that pain perception is not entirely dependent on physical injury; when pain perception is less/greater than expected from the extent of a physical injury, cases where the site of injury and site of pain differs.
The proper way to ensure that this is not a constant problem is to make sure that initial pain assessments as well as re-assessments are done in a timely manner. It seems as though the initial pain assessment was completed using the pain scale but the re-assessment was not complete
Pain Perception According to John Hopkins Medicine (n.d.), pain is an uncomfortable feeling that tells you something may be wrong. It can be fixed, throbbing, stabbing, aching, pinching, or described in many other ways. Pain is categorized as either acute or chronic. Acute pain is usually severe and brief, and is often a signal that your body has been injured. Chronic pain can vary from mild to severe and is there for long periods of time (John Hopkins Medicine, n.d). This paper will discuss a scenario that entails which person is experiencing the most pain, how two people can have the same procedure experience different levels of pain, factors that contribute to each person’s pain level, and two complementary/alternative methods of pain control.
The sharp pain I endure and the changes I made in my life were difficult challenges. There are hundreds of people in this world fighting a disease. Heather Morgan quotes that “Every Time You Eat or Drink You are Either Feeding Disease or Fighting It” and this is a battle I struggle with everyday. Morgan is an a actress and comedian who played in the movie “Bark!” My life felt as though everything was headed downhill after being diagnosed with a chronic disease.
One way to minimize pain using IFC is by the gate control theory. When an injury occurs, a pain signal is sent to the brain, which then interprets the signal as a painful stimulus. With gate control theory the signal to the brain is stopped or interfered with due to the closing of the gate that the signal must pass through. This effect can be reached using IFC when the pulse frequency is high and intensity is low (Starkey, 2013). Eftekharsadat, Babaei-Ghazani, Habibzadeh, and Kolahi (2015) performed a study comparing IFC and action potential simulation with
“Be careful what you say, you can say something hurtful in 10 seconds, but ten years later, the wounds are still there.”-Joel Osten. I love this quote because it reminds you that words can hurt other people. You may never think of what you said to someone ever again your life but whoever you said that to would think of that for a long time and they have to carry that hurt and pain for the rest of there life. I can relate to Julian because sometimes I have problems controlling what I say, but I do not relate to his thoughts because they are very cruel.
Article 1: Moving Violations -Response and Analysis 2. John Hockenberry describes his limits to pain as numb. The numbness he feels is a distinct feeling of zero, a place holder of the flesh. There is a divide near his abdomen where the consciousness no longer connects to his lower body. He has no sensation in his abdomen, legs, and little feeling in his chest. Gate Control Theory states that the pain signals are not free to reach the brain, first they must pass a series of gates in the spinal cord. These gates decide whether or not the brain should receive the pain message now, later, or never.
Pain is not only defined as a sensation or a physical awareness, but also entails perception. Moreover, pain is an unpleasant and an uncomfortable emotion that is transferred to the brain by sensory neurons. There are various kinds of pain and how one perceives them is varied as well. Certain parts of the brain also play a key role in how one feels pain such as the parietal lobe, which is involved in interpreting pain while the hypothalamus is responsible for the response to pain one has. Although some believe pain is just a physical awareness and is in the body, pain is all in one’s mind because the perception of pain and the emotion that controls its intensity differs in individuals and when pain itself is administered to the body, the brain determines the emotions one attaches to each painful experience.
The Perception of Pain in Conjunction to the Mind and Body The Perception of Pain in Conjunction to the Mind and Body Pain is something that connects all of us. From birth to death we can identify with each other the idea and arguably the perception of it. We all know we experience it, but what is more important is how we all perceive it. It is known that there are people out there with a ‘high’ pain tolerance and there are also ones out there with a ‘low’ pain tolerance, but what is different between them? We also know that pain is an objective response to certain stimuli, there are neurons that sense and feel pain and there are nerve impulses that send these “painful” messages to the brain. What we don’t know is where the pain
Concept Analysis of Pain The most common reason that people seek medical care is pain, and pain is the leading cause of disability (Peterson & Bredow, 2013, p. 51; National Institute of Health, 2010). Pain is such an important topic in healthcare that the United States congress “identified 2000 to 2010 as the Decade of Pain Control and Research” (Brunner L. S., et al., 2010, p. 231). Unfortunatelly, patients are reporting a small increase in satisfaction with the pain management while in the hospital (Bernhofer, 2011). Pain assessment and treatment can be complex since nurses do not have a tool to quantify it. Pain is considered the fifth vital sign, however, we do not have numbers to guide our interventions. Pain is a subjective expirience that cannot be shared easily. Since nurses spend more time with patients in pain than any other healthcare provider, nurses must have a clear understanding of the concept of pain (Brunner, et al., 2010). Concept analysis’ main objective is to clarify ideas, to enhance critical thinking, and to promote communication (Rodgers & Knafl, 2000). This paper will examine the concept of pain using Wilson’s Steps of Concept Analysis (Rodgers & Knafl, 2000).
I stubbed my big toe in the garden a few days ago, and because it began to bleed, I headed back into the house. As I hobbled in through the back door, my daughter immediately began to make a fuss, especially at the sight of the blood trail I was