Comparing The Writing Styles, Data Collection And Analysis Process

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Introduction In order to understand human experiences, qualitative researchers ask how and why as opposed to how much or how many. Inasmuch as there are so many diverse types of people, groups, and organizations to investigate, there are varied methods as to which a researcher might use to learn about them. The purpose of this paper is to provide a general overview of five research designs and to compare and contrast the writing styles, data collection and analysis process, as well as the role of a researcher, of each research method. Summary of research designs Narrative research is rooted in the study of stories told by participants about specific events, or a series of events. This type of study focuses on one individual, sometimes two and relies mostly on interviews as the method for collecting data (Creswell, 2013). There are many types of narratives, some dating back to the beginning of civilization. These approaches include: a life history, an oral history, biographical study, and an autoethnography (Creswell, 2013). Phenomenology Research focuses on shared experiences of participants as it relates to a specified phenomenon. Researchers listen to the stories of participants, grouping material, identify themes, and analyzing that data to make inferences about the phenomenon (Campbell, 2011). There are two major types of phenomenological research: hermeneutic and transcendental (Creswell, 2013). Hermeneutic phenomenology refers to the interpreting of
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