It seems as though throughout the years, the usage of steroids has always been to enhance your performance, whether that be for a sport or body mass and muscle strength in general. I find this chapter in Psychology interesting, because It goes hand and hand with Anatomy, which I am currently learning. I would like to further explore the basics on where our body produces natural steroids, the effects on the endocrine and reproductive system due to steroid use, and lastly, the damage steroid use can have on your mentality.
f you are a woman entering menopause, then you need to learn how hormone changes during this time of life can affect not only the rest of your body, but also your teeth and gums. Knowing what to expect can help you know what changes in your mouth to keep an eye out for, so you know when to alert your dentist to these changes. Here are three of the most common changes can occur in your teeth and gums during menopause and how they can be treated.
Is estrogen good? Is it bad? How much do I need? Understanding estrogen, the good, the bad and the ugly can be complex. Both men and women produce the hormone, estrogen. Women naturally have higher levels due to their reproductive organs and for the purpose of procreation. Estrogen is the primary source of our sex hormones and is mostly responsible for our reproductive health. Our bodies make these “good” or healthy estrogens and this is completely normal. These “good” estrogens can help to give us energy, boost our libido and protect us from certain cancers, including breast and ovarian. On the flip side, there are also “bad” estrogens or xenoestrogens, a type of hormone that mimics estrogen. Our body
The birth control pill for women contains synthetic hormones, estrogen and progesterone. On the website Medicine News Today it explained how the pill works on a woman’s body “Estrogen in the combined pill sends negative feedback to the brain and works to: Stop the pituitary gland from secreting follicle stimulating hormone [which causes estrogen release,] Stop the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) [this stimulates egg release,] Prevents ovulation [, and] Supports the uterine lining to inhibit breakthrough mid-cycle bleeding” (1). This is complex system; a summary is that the pill inhibits some of the production of many hormones sent by the pituitary gland that help a woman get pregnant. With any medication it comes with risks, the pill can cause heart attack, stroke, weight gain, nausea, mood changes, change in sex drive, breast tenderness, headaches, blood clots, and vomiting. In the book Reproductive Politics What Everyone Should Know the author states “The pill (28%) … [is one of] the most commonly used contraception in the United States. … Women younger than thirty years of age and white women favor the pill” (Solinger 61). Women today have many other forms of contraceptives compared to their male counter
When an individual "comes out" as homosexual or bisexual, they most likely hear the words "well that's your choice." But for any one person who actually is homosexual, they know it's not a choice. So what makes us this way? The answers are small chemicals that control our very lives. These chemicals are the Androgens, Testosterone and Estrogen.
On a brisk November morning, a dismal eight year old Madison Lynn missed school as the cramps in her stomach grew increasingly worse. Her mother frantically called the doctor asking what could be wrong with her young daughter. After her mother explained her daughters symptoms to the doctor, it was mutually agreed upon that Madison was about to begin menstruation. The mother was worried about her daughter for she knew Madison was much too young. Much to her mother’s dismay, Madison started menstruation that same evening. Even under her abnormal conditions, Madison’s story is not the only one resembling this. Many young females are in the beginnings of menstruation at age eight whereas the adolescents of age thirteen were more subject to
A woman's body goes through a lot of changes after her period stops completely. The hormone levels in the body start to drop to a much lower amount. The woman starts to experience those changes which might include hot flashes and a number of other menopausal symptoms. Hormonal replacement treatments are used to end the problems that the menopausal woman complains about. Generally, the hormone replacement treatment consist of estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen is a very important hormone that helps keep bones strong. Progesterone is generally combined with estrogen to form an effective hormone replacement treatment for the menopausal woman.
In women, estrogen is produced mainly in the ovaries, and produced by fat cells and the adrenal gland; however, estrogen plays a role in the development of secondary sex characteristics such as breasts, pubic hair and armpit hair (“What is Estrogen,” para. 1). Furthermore, estrogen helps regulate the menstrual cycle, controlling the growth of the uterine lining during the first part of the cycle (“What is Estrogen,” para. 2). In addition, men produce estrogen as well, but at lower levels than women. Estrogen in males is secreted by the adrenal glands and by the testes. In men, estrogen is thought to affect sperm count (“What is Estrogen,” para. 7).
Estrogen is a steroid hormone which plays a crucial role in growth and maturation of both sexes. In the female reproductive system, estrogen targets tissues such as mammary glands, uterus, and ovaries. Bone formation has a significant positive relationship with estrogen from puberty to maturation and beyond (Clark et al., 1992). Post puberty estrogen is mainly synthesized and released from the ovaries in females. Through binding proteins or estrogen receptors (ER) found within the nucleus, estrogen is retained and affects specific target tissues throughout the body. Binding of estrogen to its receptor causes conformational change which in turn allows binding to chromatin and proceed with transcription of specific target genes (Murdoch
Estrogen and progesterone (progestin) are hormones used in many forms of birth control (contraception). These two hormones make up most hormonal contraceptives. Hormonal contraceptives use either:
Pain is experienced in many ways: physical, pain that can be chronic or acute, emotional, such as depression, or even phantom pains, which is the perception of pain in a missing limb (Jenni Ogden, 2012). Everyone feels pain in a different way. Some people perceive pain in a more intense manner than others do, while some are not as susceptible and remain unaffected. There are a few factors that go into how people bear it. Estrogen is believed lower the ability of a subject to handel pain. Transgender males to females are reported to have a heightened sensitivity to stimuli and a decrease in tolerance when faced with painful situations. The reverse is also true, transgender females to males injected with testosterone are reported to have
An estrogen supplement is also important for Margaret on the grounds that Estrogen is a sex hormone that is key to female bone health, promoting the activity of osteoblasts, which are cells that create bone. At the point when estrogen levels drop amid menopause, the osteoblasts aren't ready to viably deliver bone. Estrogen inadequacy is a key factor in the the pathogenesis of postmenopausal
Estrogen and its metabolites evidently have critical involvement in the pathogenesis of tumorigenesis/carcinogenesis. Early menarche, late menopause or estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) increases the risk of developing breast cancer due to the increased exposure to estrogen and dependence of tissue origin i.e., breast, cervix and endometrium. Three important molecules involved in estrogen regulation such as estrogen receptor (ER) which relays the estrogenic signal, estrogen sulfotransferase, inactivates the estrogen through sulfation, Sulfatase, activates estrogen by desulfation and Formylglycine generating enzyme which regulates STS activity. These three molecules were found to have altered expression or function in tumor/cancer cells compared to normal
The levels of hormones in the body can be regulated by several factors. The nervous system can control hormone levels through the action of the hypothalamus and its releasing and inhibiting hormones. For example, TRH produced by the hypothalamus stimulates the anterior pituitary to produce TSH. Tropic hormones provide another level of control for the release of hormones. For example, TSH is a tropic hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Nutrition can also control the levels of hormones in the body.The thyroid hormones T3 and T4 require 3 or 4 iodine atoms, respectively, to be produced. The people lacking iodine in their diet will fail to produce sufficient levels of thyroid hormones to maintain
Progesterone, a type of female sex hormone which belong to a steroid hormone class known as progestogen, has a major role in the development of oral contraception. Progesterone is produced in ovaries, adrenal gland and in placenta when women get pregnant. In the menstrual cycle, ovary unceasingly alternates between two phases: the follicular phase, which is characterized by the presence of maturing follicles and the luteal phase, which is governed by the presence of corpus luteum. Ovulation occurs in between these phases. Corpus luteum, which is formed through luteinization of ruptured follicle after ovulation, secretes large amounts of progesterone and small amount of estrogen.