Comparison Of James Scott 's And Michel Foucault 's Theories Of Power And Resistance

1592 Words Nov 23rd, 2016 7 Pages
Compare and contrast James Scott’s and Michel Foucault’s theories of power and resistance.

In this essay I shall compare James Scott’s theory of power and resistance with Michel Foucault’s, as in what similarities do they share in their structure of theories; and contrast the difference as in their understanding of power, position they take to look for/into power, exercise of power and resistance in response. By contrasting the two approaches on the subject of power and resistance, I shall argue, if one wish to look for the powerful and the weak, Scott’s approach is the go to. But for now, I find Foucault’s idea more plausible that we are surrounded by or inescapable from power, and that by any means, are not necessarily forced to submission; rather as freedom the same time.

Firstly, I shall compare the similarities the two idea shares. Both Scott and Foucault think power is more than being a form of coercion, that power is found in symbolic dimensions. Scott stated power and resistance can be spotted and take forms in language and discourse, that is conversation, statement, narratives made by the dominant and subordinates, in terms of what he purposes ‘public transcript’ and ‘hidden transcript’ accordingly. Similarly, Foucault see power as coextensive with language and discourse.

However, Scott and Foucault has very different understanding of power. Scott thinks power is something that is externally imposed on mankind’s social life, whereas Foucault thinks power is…
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