Comparison Of John Locke And Social Contract Theory

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Before sociology was a true discipline of academia, there were philosophical thinkers that thought about the many complexities that make society into what it is. While there are many different philosophical thinkers that share different points of view and theories, it is important to see how they compare and contrast to one another. One of the philosophical thinkers we read about, John Locke, and his theory about the “Natural State” and “Natural Laws” that follow, is a valid yet more theist approach to social contract theory. We also looked at the works of Adam Smith, a Scottish economist who looks at the division of labor in societies and how society has evolved to become dependent on it. The last thinker that was discussed in lecture and the readings is Harriet Martineau. Martineau was a British researcher who went to the United States to study many aspects of American Society, specifically using the sociological lense of conflict theory to help with her research.
John Locke was a 17th century British philosopher who helped lay the foregrounds for social contract theory and sociology as a discipline. He believed that men are free in their actions and are, without the interference of government, living in a state of nature. Locke lays down the basic principles that greatly influenced the United States’ Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence was not only an important document because it declared the United States free from British rule, but rather
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