Comparison Of Public Human Resource Management Between China And United States

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Comparison of Public Human Resource Management between China and United States

In nowadays, people pay more and more attention to the government’s central position in the economy and the society. An effective government, regarding to the economy, the society and even the government development is absolutely necessary. The various countries experience indicated that, an effective government surely is a function limited government, behavior legally achievement government, authority multi- centers disposition government, decision-making highly democratic government, information highly transparent government and naturally also a government has an intelligent, capable and high morale employee team. All of these depend on an advanced modern
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In one word, the core characteristic of modern PHRMS is that not to appoint people by favoritism, but through competitive recruitment, promotion and inspiring system to ensure the employee on duty is most suitable to their positions.

In China, before 1993, PHRMS is executive based on the cadre system. The cadre system basically is one identity system. In other words, the entire society divides into two types of people: one is cadre that in the govern position and the other one is populace that in the position to be governed, including workers and farmers. Once a person is identified as a cadre, he/she will have the relevant reputation, the social viscounty and the welfare treatment to this classification.

Besides this identity characteristic, the cadre system also has the following characteristics.

It is lack of administration. The personnel appointment basically depends upon the nomination by the administrative method. As long as not making any grave mistake, the person who gets appointment as a cadre is able to enjoy the cadre treatment all lifelong. This form of decision-making on employee selection and assignment by the minority leadership and the organization department is only responsible to implement the command, has the very strong subjectivity and the capriciousness. Other than this form, the decision is also possible to be made by the observance of seniority. The cadre assessment only has a qualitative…