Comparison Of Thomas Hobbes And Locke's Political Philosophy

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Thomas Hobbes was an English Philosopher who was born in 1588. Hobbes is best known for his book Leviathan, which was published in 1651. Hobbes' political philosophy can best be described as philosophical absolutism, the absolute rule of a people by a ruler. The book Leviathan was based on the idea that a government should be too strong for the people to overthrow and can rule the people with absolute power. Hobbes chose a Leviathan to represent the government that has absolute power and is strong enough to never be overthrown. Another famous English philosopher whose ideas are often compared to Hobbes is, John Locke. Locke was born in England in 1632 and is best known for his work Two Treatises of Government, a book in which Locke outlines his views on government and the role it should play. Unlike Hobbes, Locke's political philosophy is best described as philosophical constitutionalism, which is the belief that the people should have control of the government and not a single ruler. Locke's political ideals are the foundation on which the United States Constitution was written. (Uzgalis, 2017) While these two great philosophers do not share the same political ideology, there were a couple of ideas that the two did agree upon. Hobbes and Locke both believed in the Social Contract, which is the idea that individuals give up certain rights to be protected by the government. Hobbes describes the Social Contract as the mutual transferring of rights. (Lloyd, 2014) Where the
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