Comparison Of Treatments Of Native Americans In The East And West

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East of the Mississippi Early European colonists that came to North America found a sparsely inhabited coastline which gave them opportunities to settle and succeed where others had previously failed. Since many of the pilgrims were in search of religious freedom they saw a land their god had prepared for them by wiping out the natives through pestilence and disease. The fact is that the plague of disease that wiped out more than 90% of the original inhabitants of the northern east coast was brought by European fisherman around 1617, who were fond of the cod in the Massachusetts Bay area. These fishermen would come ashore for firewood, freshwater and to kidnap the occasional native to sell into slavery, and unknowingly leave behind …show more content…
Both sides competed for the alliance of the Natives. Most Native Americans who joined the struggle joined on th side of the British in an attempt to halt the settlers expansion westward, but many native communities remained divided on which side to support. After the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783 the British turned large swaths of native land over to the Americans and they in turn tried to treat the Natives as a conquered people which proved difficult. These difficulties coupled with the desire to continue to expand westward caused the newly formed American Government to try to buy the land from the Natives through various treaties and negotiations, this too proved difficult.

Throughout the 1800 many Native Tribes were taken from their lands east of the Mississippi and marched to new lands in the west under the Indian Removal Act of 1830. One such march of the Cherokee Nation from Georgia to Oklahoma and was called by them “the trail where they cried” or the Trail of Tears all of which was the result of signing of the New Echota Treaty. The deadline for voluntary removal was May of 1838 and by the the end of may the U.S. Army had arrived to round up those Cherokee who had not yet left for the west. Around 17,000 Cherokee were moved from their homes at gun point and forced to walk a distance of about 1,200