Comparison Paper Nur 408

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Comparison Paper The purpose of this paper is to address differences between public and community health, research public health resources on a borough, state, and national level as well as review a brief history of those agencies. Whereas public health and community health is often used interchangeably, public health is coordinated on a national, state, and borough scale and public health is a profession that includes more than just nurses. Public health can include emergency personnel, health educators, public officials, public health nurses, social workers, and community individuals. Community health uses information and implements the research from public health arenas to a specific population. Laws are enacted at a local, state,…show more content…
("Municipality Of Anchorage", n.d.). The state of Alaska Department of Health and Social Services offers direct and indirect health care services to the public such as family planning, immunizations, home care, epidemiological investigations, health education, community assessment, and community partnering ("My Alaska", n.d.). These services are available to Alaskan residents on a sliding scale. At this time, Alaska has goals for improving the health of Alaskan residents at the state and local regions called Healthy Alaskans 2020. It must be remembered that Alaska has been a state for just over 50 years and although it is the largest state in the nation, it has the lowest population density per square mile of any state in the nation (“My Alaska”, n.d.). According to "Alaska Historical Society" (n.d.), “On January 3, 1959, President Eisenhower proclaimed Alaska to be the forty-ninth state of the United States” (When did Alaska become a state?). The national system responsible for the health and welfare of United States citizens is the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “HHS is charged with regulating health care and overseeing the health status of Americans” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008, p. 56). A newer division, Office of Public Health Preparedness was added after September 11, 2011 to assist with preparing for bioterrorism at the state and national level (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). The U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) has eight agencies and is
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