Comparison of India and China Architecture Essay

1074 Words Nov 6th, 2008 5 Pages
One of the most enduring achievements of Indian civilization is undoubtedly its architecture, which extends to a great deal more than the Taj Mahal or the temple complexes of Khajuraho and Vijayanagara. The beginnings of Indian architecture are more properly to be dated to the start of Buddhism in India, in the reign of Ashoka and the construction of Buddhist monasteries and stupas. Buddhist architecture was predominant for several centuries, and there are few remains of Hindu temples from even late antiquity. Some of the best Buddhist arts and architecture are the Great Stupa at Sanchi and the rock-cut caves at Ajanta. The Great stupa is dome shapes topped by a triple parasol set within a square railing. Ajanta’s caves where carved …show more content…
Temples build on elliptical, circular, quadrilateral, or apsidal plans were constructed using brick and timber. The Indian gateway archs, the torana, reached East Asia with the spread of Buddhism. Cave temples became prominent throughout western India, incorporating various features and material to give rise to cave architecture in places such as Ajatna and Ellora. Walled and moated cities with large gates and multi-storied buildings which consistently used arched windows and doors are important features of the architecture during this period. The Indian emperor Ashoka himself established a chain of hospitals throughout the Mauryan empire. Buddhist architecture blended with Roman architecture and Hellenestic architecture to give rise to unique blends such as the Greco-Buddhist school. North Indian temples showed increased elevation of the wall and elaborate spire by the 10th century. Richly decorated temples including the complex at Khajuraho were constructed in Central India. Indian traders bought Indian architecture to South east Asia through various trade routes. Vijayanagara Architecture was a notable building idiom evolved by the imperial Vijayanagar Empire that ruled most of South India from their regal capital at Vijayanagara on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in Karnataka, India at its peak. The architecture of the temples built during the reign of the Vijayanagara empire had elements of political
Open Document